Taiwan is not a Party to the Montreal Protocol, but it has proactively strived to control and phase out ozone depleting substances (ODSs) since the agreement was ratified. In compliance with Article 2 and Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol, Taiwan implements controlling regulations and has phased out most of ODSs. Currently, no production of ODSs and 10% of HCFCs consumption, which will be reduced to 0.5% in 2020, is the only existing ODS in Taiwan. Import of methyl bromide is allowed only for Quarantine and Pre-shipment (QPS) use. The amount is controlled through rigorous verification by the Taiwan EPA. The related and industry assistance for alternatives is also implemented.
Since 1983 several government agencies had been making announcements, rules and directions separately to regulate ODSs. In 2002, the EPA integrated all the related business and became the department in-charge. The EPA promulgated several laws and regulations for strengthening ODS control. The Regulations for Management of HCFC Consumption was enacted in 2003 and some applications for using HCFCs were prohibited. The Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide that define the mechanism were published in 2003. It regulates methyl bromide production, import, export, application and declaration procedures, expert reviews, and administrative examination tasks. In 2007, The Regulations for Controlled Substances Listed in Montreal Protocol was promulgated and implemented by the EPA. It regulates ODS consumption control time frame, quota allocation, trade control, vendor license, and so on.
In order to comply with the more stringent regulations of the Montreal Protocol, the EPA revised the Regulations for Management of HCFC Consumption in 2014; and the Regulations for Controlled Substances Listed in Montreal Protocol was amended in 2016. We will keep reducing HCFCs to 0.5% consumption baseline in 2030 and totally phasing them out in 2040. Moreover, the EPA is planning to amend the Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide to meet criterion of the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures, ISPM 15 by International Plant Protection Convention, IPPC and to better manage the use of methyl bromide including qualification of users and fumigation practices, limitation on vendors and the use limit of fumigation. Through these regulations, we believe Taiwan's efforts to reduce ODSs have contributed to the protection and recovery of the ozone layer. We hope to keep working with the international community to benefit the world, protect the Earth and achieve sustainable development for the future.