1. The fourth amendment of "Air Pollution Control Act" completed

    The Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) was officially authorized as the main responsible governmental body for formulating rules and implementing Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) controlling programme since the fourth amendment of the Article 30 of the Air Pollution Control Act in 19th June 2002.
     

    With such centralization of responsibility and authorization, EPA is required to supervise and coordinate with all other programmes undertaking by other governmental bodies, which include the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Defense, the Council of Agriculture, the Ministry of Finance, and the Coast Guard Administration.


  2. EPA officially announce rules for HCFCs consumption management

    The Industrial Development Bureau of the Ministry of Economic Affairs was originally responsible for the issuing of the HCFCs consumption quota since 1996. After the fourth amendment of the Air Pollution Control Act in 19th June 2002, this operation has been changed to be the jurisdiction of the EPA.
     

    Considering the first phase of HCFCs consumption reduction (35% reduction to the base year level) will be in effective from 1st January 2004 onward, the rulebook 'HCFCs Consumption Management Regulations' was immediately revised and official enacted in 15th January 2003.
     

    This rulebook is principally following the original version to avoid any unnecessary burden to the private sector. However, there are still few adjustments made, therefore, the EPA is also giving out free copies of 'HCFCs Consumption Quota Application Guide book' to users.


  3. EPA visit HCFCs users that facing applications restriction from 2004

    According to the 'HCFCs Consumption Management Regulations', there are five applications required to stop using HCFC-141b after 1st January 2004. And they are manufacturing of soft and semi-rigid polyurethane foaming plastic, non-insulation purpose polyurethane foaming plastic, insulation purpose polyurethane foaming plastics, electronic appliance for information technology and non-electronic appliances.
     

    In order to have a better picture of how these sectors replace HCFC-141b with alternative substances, EPA officers set off a site visiting tour started from 18th February to 1st April 2003. Accompanied by experts from Industrial Technology Research Institute and the Association of Atmosphere Protection in Taiwan. Through these visits, most questions from these 28 companies were addressed, and advices on substitution technology were provided.


  4. Regulations for controlling methyl bromide enacted

    The Council of Agriculture announced a rulebook called 'Guidelines for Controlling of Methyl Bromide' in 1994, and an import permit system was then implemented according to it in the following year. Similar to the HCFCs management, the authority for issuing methyl bromide import permit was shifted from Council of Agriculture to EPA since the enactment of the fourth amendment of the Air Pollution Control Act in 2002.
     

    Immediately, the EPA set off an experts examination meeting and stakeholder hearing on 14th March and 10th April 2003 respectively to revise the original version. After taking into account of the rules on reporting format for quarantine and pre-shipment uses, a final version was adopted and enacted on 21st May 2003.


  5. HCFCs quota allocation for the third & fourth quarter of 2003 concluded

    A meeting for checking with producers, importers, and users on their HCFCs quota for the third and fourth quarter was called on 18th April this year. The confirmation of the amount for each entity was thus received with no objection.
     

    However, the importers expressed their concern over the current allocation protocol, since they regard it is a bit more in favor for the users, therefore they might be facing disproportional allocation when the quota will be substantially reduced next year. The EPA responded by inviting the importers to submit their inventory of uses of their customers to the authority, which will then be taken as reference to reconsider their appropriate amount of quota next year. The meeting closed with the promise of EPA to makes the allocation process transparent and fair.


  6. Investigation of the halons stock in Taiwan continue

    EPA started to survey stock of Halons in Taiwan from 2000. In the initial stage, the EPA selected entities equipped with total flooding system or with more than 50kg of halon-1301 in stock for investigation.
     

    To date, 2,300 ODP tonnes of halon has been identified and nameplated. In the year 2002 project, 35 major entities were further investigated by visiting their operation sites. This national inventory of halon in stock, with systematic coding of sites and nameplating of facilities, has proved to be the most fundamental essence of setting up a halon bank for Taiwan in the near future.


  7. The first recycled halon transferring deal completed

    Due to the high Ozone Depleting Potential of halon, Taiwan EPA has announced orders for banning of halon substance and fire extinguisher with halon in 1994 and 2000 respectively.
     

    However, considering its substitutes are not yet widely commercialized, EPA is now mapping out a banking system to facilitate transferring halon from retired facilities to where its use is still irreplaceable and critical.
     

    The first successful deal of transfer was completed at the end of March this year. 130 kg of halon-1211 and 75kg of halon-1301 was supplied by retired facilities owned by Tetra Pak Taiwan, to the substation located at the Hsintou thermal power station of the Taiwan Power Company. And the Center of Environmental, Safety and Health Development of ITRI was acting as the mediating agency and technical assistance for this transferring


  8. EPA held 2002 workshop for custom officers training

    Due to most of the neighboring countries are the Article 5 countries, which means they are still allowed to produce and consume CFCs until 2010, In addition to the gradually flourishing of trades, there have been more than 40 incidents of smuggling to Taiwan reported, with total 598 tonnes of CFCs detained.
     

    Seeing that as a potential loophole for our regulatory effort, EPA held training courses for custom officers every year, started from 1996-9. The most recent one was held in 8th, 10th and 12th July 2002, it was a three half-day workshop, with more than 350 officers trained at three major harbors of Taiwan respectively.


  9. Taiwan 2001 ODS consumption status

    As promised by Taiwan government to phase out ODS synchronizing with the Montreal Protocol schedule. The production and consumption of CFCs, Halon, CCl4, and methyl chloroform have been banned since the earliest in 1994, and the real figures have all been well kept and remained zero to date.
     

    Regarding to HCFCs and methyl bromide, the production, imports and exports of them are only allowed under certain conditions. The 2001 data on consumption of HCFCs is 517 ODP tonnes, which is 81% of the capped amount (638 ODP tonnes). In order to achieve the level of 65% capped amount next year, the government has announced a further phase-out plan for 5 types of applications (refer to News 2 above).
     

    As for the methyl bromide, the 2001 consumption recorded to be 49 metric tonnes (equivalent to 29.4 ODP tonnes). However, the figure is solely for the amount required by quarantine and preshipment applications, means that will not be counted as 2001 consumption by the Montreal Protocol.
     

    Actually, many applications of methyl bromide had been banned due to its toxicity to human and animal long before the Montreal Protocol came into force. This has made Taiwan already achieving the 100% reduction of capped level (6 ODP tonnes) prior to the 2005 deadline.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute