1. Taiwan EPA is drafting a new management regulations for all ODS

    Despite the fact that Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) regulated by the Montreal Protocol have all been subjected to restrictions on use, production or trade in Taiwan since 1983, these actions are largely based on fragmentary policy announcements or guidelines set by various governmental agencies.
     

    Following the centralizing of authority on ODS management to the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) Taiwan, it is deemed a common regulations for all ODS will be essential to implement further actions/programs legitimately, as well as regulations on specific ODS, such as CFCs, HCFCs, Halons and methyl bromides.
     

    The 'HCFCs Consumption Management Regulations' and 'Methyl Bromide Management Regulations' have both been enacted on 15th January 2003 and 21st May 2003 respectively. And the common regulations for all ODS is currently under drafting, which will set out general rules for import, export, place on market, handling, reuse and storage of these materials. The first edition of the draft will be released at the beginning of September 2003, and a public hearing will be held shortly after that.


  2. The 2003 workshop for custom officers training scheduled

    Taiwan EPA has been holding the training courses for custom officers every year since 1996. The event in 2003 is currently set primitively around the end of September to early October, and it will be a five half-day sessions event.
     

    The trainee will be appointed both from the frontline officers of the Coast Guard Administration and the Directorate General of Customs to the Ministry of Finance, with estimation of 100 attendants for each session. A copy of training manual will be handed out to each trainee and delivered to those whom are unable to attend the courses.
     

    The manual is largely based on the outlines and recommendations contents of the 'Training Manual for Customs Officers', published by the Division of Technology, Industry & Economics of the United Nations Environment Programme. In addition, it will also taking into account the feedbacks from the previous year courses.
     

    To date, there have been more than 40 incidents of smuggling to Taiwan reported, with total 598 tonnes of CFCs detained and destroyed. Hence, it is reckoned that stopping ODS illegal trades is one of the most urgent and challenging tasks for Taiwan to safeguard her integrity in fulfillment of the Montreal Protocol commitment.


  3. Seminar on introducing alternative foam blowing agents to replace HCFC-141b

    Based on the phase-out agenda of the Montreal Protocol, parties listed as the non-article 5 countries will be required to reduce HCFCs consumption to 35% below their base year level starting from 1st January 2004. And Taiwan government has promised to this pursuance, despite that Taiwan is unable to become a party to the Montreal Protocol.
     

    In order to assist the major HCFC-141b consuming sector in Taiwan, the foaming plastic production, to switch to alternative technologies/ processes, the ITRI was commissioned by the Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs to hold a seminar on 17th July 2003, invited speakers from Honeywell, Solvay and BASF to share their expertise on development and application of non-HCFC-141b foam blowing agents.
     

    More than 70 people from foaming industry attended to the seminar. One non-technical aspect of concerns was expressed from the industry, which is the prohibition in use of HCFCs for production of many foaming products in Taiwan regardless of the destination for exportation. Unlike the EU regulation, use of HCFCs for the production of products for export to countries where the use of HCFCs is still allowed is exempted until 31st December 2009.
     

    Several participants suggested the prohibition of import for products that still apply HCFC-141b should be equally implemented to create a fair ground of trade. This feedback has been presented to the EPA Taiwan, and further considerations will be evaluated.

    Presentation document could be downloaded from web site: http://www.itri.org.tw/cfc


  4. Experts Meeting on discussion of relationship between WTO rules and Montreal Protocol obligations wa

    On 20th June 2003, a meeting to discuss the relationship between World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and Montreal Protocol obligations was called by the Bureau of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Economic Affairs.
     

    Experts from relevant governmental departments and academia were invited to contribute their opinions regarding to the mandates (para. 31) of the Doha Ministerial Declaration to the WTO. The paragraph 31 mandate has provided a basic structure for further negotiations of member states on WTO rules and specific trade obligations set out in Multilateral Environmental Agreements like the Montreal Protocol.
     

    Domestic regulations on ODS to fulfill the trading restrictions set out in the Montreal Protocol was identified. A position paper and strategy on responding to future conflicts might derived from these two international treaties was also drafted, which has served as an important reference for delegates whom attended to the WTO Committee on Trade and Environment special session at Geneva Switzerland in July.


  5. Competence adjustment for the Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs on ozone l

    The Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs (IDB) was one of the key founders for setting up the task force in response to the Montreal Protocol in 1989, which was operated under the 'International Environment Protection Working Group' of Taiwan's 'National Council for Sustainable Development'.
     

    Since then, the main tasks for IDB have been focused on assisting industrial sectors to develop and replace their use of CFCs and HCFCs, distributing information on CFCs and HCFCs substitutes and alternative technologies, providing financial incentives for employing climate friendly technology or facility, and managing consumption of CFCs and HCFCs. However, the later task was transferred to be the competence of Environmental Protection Administration after the fourth amendment of the Air Pollution Control Act on 19th June 2002.
     

    Activities/programs initiated to achieve the objectives of these tasks include: publishing monthly newsletter and brochures with highlight on ODS control measures and alternative technologies news around the world and in Taiwan, maintaining a technical information distribution web site < http://www.itri.org.tw/cfc/ >, holding seminar with topics on alternative technology for solvent cleaning, foam products, mobile AC system, electronic appliances, and use of coolant.
     

    Key technologies to replace the use of CFCs and HCFCs in various sectors are constantly identified through projects and consulting assistances are initiated subsequently. To date, more than 50 private entities have received assistance from IDB on adopting alternative technologies.
     

    Regarding to the financial incentives, there are duty exemption for importing CFCs substitutes that are not produced domestically, higher proportion of investment loan or lower interest rate for installing climate friendly equipment, or allowing faster depreciation of the capital costs of the facility concerned.
     

    With all these efforts, IDB has successfully assisted on phasing out of CFCs use in most industries in 1996. Currently, IDB is assisting the electronics and foam-blowing industries to replace HCFC-141b for achieving the 35% HCFCs consumption reduction goal.


  6. Role of Central Weather Bureau Taiwan on ozone layer protection

    The Central Weather Bureau Taiwan started to monitor the total ozone around Taiwan since 1965 at its Taipei site, despite most of the measuring work was conducted manually at that time. From 1985 onward, more advance automatic devices were gradually introduced, and another monitoring site were further included to conduct the work in 1991.
     

    The Taipei site figures from the most recent year fluctuate slightly with years, but more dramatically with seasons. The average of total ozone is around 268 DU (Dobson Unit), which was made reference to the world average 300 DU and the ozone hole level 200 DU. The Cheng Kung site average figure is 264 DU, which is slightly lower to the Taipei site figure due to its lower latitude.
     

    The Central Weather Bureau Taiwan was also invited to participate the supporting measurements program for the 'Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific' (TRACE-P) project from March 2000 to March 2002, which is a mission to identify the major pathways for Asian outflow, and to better understand the chemical and dynamical evolution of the Asian outflow over the west Pacific, focusing on tropospheric O3 and aerosols. The project was conducted by the Global Tropospheric Experiment (GTE) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States.
     

    Ozonesondes for required surface measurements were provided by the NASA, and The Central Weather Bureau Taiwan supported the program with working crew and measuring chemicals.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute