1. Four companies received in stock CFCs allocation in 2003

    Taiwan government followed the pace of non-Article 5 countries to the Montreal Protocol on controlling ozone depleting substances (ODS), and has phased out the consumption and production of CFCs in 1996. However, there was around 1,016 tonnes of CFCs produced in 1995 and remained in stock since.


    ¡@Immediately after the phase-out, the Taiwan EPA announced a protocol (EPA No.23754) for guiding private sectors to apply for remaining stock of CFCs each year. The qualification for application was further reviewed and announced in July 2001, which exempts the use of CFCs only on recognition as essential use, military defense purpose, or for securing the public safety.


    ¡@Four companies have succeeded to receive allocations this year. Three of them submitted their applications in the first half-year, and have received total 3,480 kg of CFC-11 and 9,633 kg of CFC-12. Only one company submited its application in the second half-year. This application is still awaited to go through, estimated it will be around 13,000 kg of CFC-12. The major application was from the manufacturer of medical inhaling devices.


  2. Taiwan Importers voicing opinions over the design of HCFCs licensing system

    The HCFCs quota licensing system was originally designed by The Industrial Development Bureau of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and implemented since 1996. It was a mixture of licensing system to both domestic purchasing and importing activities at the same time, which will required a clear distinction between supplier and demander in order to safeguard the equity of quota distribution, and effectively use of HCFCs by those whom really needed.


    Starting from 2003, HCFCs licensing operation has shifted to be the compentency of the EPA, and in 2004 it will enter into the first statge of consumption reduction (35% reduction to the base year level). By following the existing system, which has an build-in element of favouring the demander, has caused 7 major importers voiced to re-evaluate the equity issues of quota distribution in a contact meeting held on 21st October this year.


    Currently, the amount of HCFCs allocation to both importers and users for the 3rd and 4th quarter of this year has been determined after the April consult meeting. The total amount to users was around 390 ODP tonnes, including withdraw of quota from 2 companies. And the total amount to importers was around 170 ODP tonnes.


  3. Taiwan EPA emphasised the criminal punishment of ODS illegal trading in the 2003 custom officers tra

    The 2003 workshops on detecting ODS illegal trade for custom officers were held from 15th ¡V 17th October. It was a five half-day sessions event. And the trainee were both from the frontline officers of the Coast Guard Administration and the Directorate General of Customs to the Ministry of Finance, with around 450 officers attending the workshop.


    To date, there have been more than 42 incidents of smuggling to Taiwan reported, with total 600 tonnes of CFCs detained and destroyed. However, none of the smugglers were convicted to criminal offenses due to the lack of supporting act before 2002. Most of them only received a small amount of fine and the detention of their goods.


    But now the smuggling of ODS is officially an criminal offense since the fourth amendment of ¡?Air Pollution Control Act¡¦, and the punishment will involve both jailing and a maximum fine of $1.5 million New Taiwan Dollars, which has been specified in the article 59 of the Act.


    The EPA has taken this opportunity to air this new change of law to the frontline officers, and hoping through enforcement of law will make the illegal trade of ODS into Taiwan come to a stop.


  4. Taiwan halons Bank under construction

    According to a survey conducted by the Industrial Technology Research Institute in 2000, there were estimated around 3,000 tonnes of halon-1211 and 2,000 tonnes of halon-1301 confined within various fire extinguishing facilities in Taiwan. And the establishment of a halon bank has been proposed since 1994, however the scheme did not get to put through due to the ambiguous status of responsibility, which were traversed over several departments including the Fire department, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Transportation and the Environmental Protection Administration.


    After the shifting of management competency of ozone depleting substances to the EPA in 2002, the structure of the halon bank is now being mapped out, and an extra budget of $3 million New Taiwan Dollars has been allocated for its pilot operation in 2004, which will cover expenses like substances testing, match-making information distribution, and some administration costs.


  5. Methyl Bromide permits for 2004 issued

    Despite methyl bromide is still commonly used for soil fumigation to increase crop yields in most developed countries, Taiwan has no such application since the early 90s. One of the main cause is the enactment of regulation in 1987 on banning several toxic chemicals used as environmental agents, which include pesticides, chemicals used in pollution control processes, and microbial agents, and methyl bromide was one of the substance on the list.


    Currently, all the uses of methyl bromides in Taiwan could be classified under the ¡�quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS)¡¦ category of the Montreal Protocol, which is exempted from the calculation of the national consumption.


    However, importers are still required to apply for importing permits for every six months according to the ¡?Methyl Bromide Management Regulation¡¦ enacted in May 2003. The amounts intended to import for the next half-year period of importers should be submitted to the EPA for inspection in February and August each year, additional document will also required to justify its use as QPS purposes.


    There were only 1 major importer submitted its applications for the permit of the first half year 2004, with total issuing around 9 tonnes for quarantine purpose and 21 tonnes for pre-shipment purpose.


  6. Taiwan EPA distributed materials to encourage CFCs replacement for Air Conditioning Chiller

    In 2002 December, the US EPA coordinated with the UNEP, the World Bank, and many other government agencies published a leaflet to promote the substitution of CFCs from air conditioning system ¡V¡?Building Owners save money, Save the Earth ¡V Replace your CFC Air Conditioning Chiller¡¦. The Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration has been honoured to be listed as one of the supporting governmental agencies in the leaflet.


    Despite the later development was predictably a replacement of ¡?Taiwan EPA¡¦ with other name of a NGO due to some political reasons, the material was further re-edited into a Taiwanese version and published more than 1,000 copies in 2003, which will be distributed to as many users as possible in order to support the objectives of such action.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute