1. Seized halon handed over to the Taiwan Ministry of National Defense

    The Taiwan directorate general of customs detected six incidents of halon smuggling since 1999, the seized agent was Halon -1211 in various sizes of fire distinguishers, with total amount to around 51 tonnes.


    Halon is one of the ozone depleting substances regulated by the Montreal Protocol, and has been phased out in consumption for non-Article 5 countries due to its high ozone depleting potential since 1994. Taiwan government ban the import of halon agent and fire extinguisher contained such agent in 1994 and 2000 respectively. Since then, the domestic demands of Taiwan are relied on the recovered and banked halon stocks.


    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration has the jurisdiction of practices concerned with placing in the market of halons, and it decided to hand over the stock of the seizure to the Ministry of National Defense for military purposes, which could be regarded as essential use by the Montreal Protocol. The officers from Minister of National Defense and the halon bank conducted an on-site evaluation of the stock in 10th August for the following arrangement of the transfer.


     

  2. Second training workshop for granting quarantine fumigation operation to private entities

    In coordination with the rules announced in April 2004 for granting and certifying private entities to conduct fumigation operation, a second training workshop was held from 22 nd ~23 rd July 2004 by the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, to ensure the quality and safety of the quarantine fumigation operation, with total 100 trainees attended the workshop.


    One workshop has been held in May this year and with 75 trainees attended. In considering the demand of such training from private sectors was still high, the Bureau decided to hold the second workshop. The courses consist of topics: control measures of the international treaties on methyl bromide, physical and chemical characteristics of methyl bromide, fundamental requirements for fumigation site and facilities, and the health and safety issues.


  3. Annual meeting of the Association for Atmospheric Protection in Taiwan

    The association for atmospheric protection in Taiwan (AAPT) held their annual member meeting in 10 th August this year. During the meeting, apart from the organisational matters were discussed, a speech by guest from other environmental group was also arranged. More than 100 members participate the meeting.


    The AAPT is a non-governmental organisation that established in 1992, with objectives in raising awareness of ozone layer protection and mitigating global warming. This year will be their 12 th year in operation, and it has around 61 group memberships and 92 individual memberships.


    One of the major works conducted by AAPT is to facilitate Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration in assessment and allocation of HCFCs quota. It also initiate activities to bring in participation of general public in ozone layer protection every year, for example they organised a parents and children summer camp with energy saving educational games in 2003.


  4. HCFCs quota assessment committee met to examine the status of consumption phase-out

    The HCFCs quota assessment committee held their fourth meeting in 2 nd September 2004 to discuss issues found from the actual consumption figures for the second quarter submitted by the HCFCs users, and also to consider the preliminary amount of quota that could be released in 2005.


    The committee consists of 3 commissioners from the HCFC users, 1 commissioner from importer/exporter, 1 commissioner from producer, and 4 commissioners from academia. The relevant personnel of Environmental Protection Administration also attended the meeting to hear opinions and recommendations of the committee.


    The preliminary amount of quota that could be released in 2005 were estimated to about 407 ODP tones, which will maintain Taiwan's HCFCs consumption level to less than 35% below base year (about 638 ODP tonnes). However, the commissioner noted that the actual amount released still subject to the actual figures of the third and fourth quarter.


    The committee also observed the unusually high level of stockpiling in 4 entities, which exceeding 50% of their quota received, and decided to issue letter to request their conformity with the regulations, otherwise they will be subject to the reduction of their quota in 2005.


  5. Taiwan EPA consulted with domestic appliance manufacturers for their difficulties in HCFCs substitution

    Due to it is the first year for Taiwan to reduce its HCFCs consumption to 35% below base year level, the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration decided to pay a visits to 5 major air conditioner and refrigerator manufacturers, in order to acquire a better understanding of their substitution scheme.


    Many companies pointed out the demand of HCFCs have increased due to the recovery of economics and consumer market in 2003. Several expressed their intention of replacing HCFCs refrigerant with Cyclo-Pentane (CP) in their product. One of them has started to build CP storage facility, which is expected to be in operation at the end this year.


    Some companies have started to test on HFCs refrigerant in their product, substances include HFC -410A , HFC -407C and HFC -134a . However, no concluded schedule of replacement was indicated.


    Within these companies, high proportion of their product was for export to the U.S. and European countries. Several manufacturers have received demand from the European buyers for HCFC-free product. However, the demand for HCFC-free product is still have difficulties in competing in the domestic market due to the cost factor. Therefore, companies recommend Taiwan EPA should put more efforts in educating consumer and to facilitate the forming of such market.


  6. Taiwan EPA investigate the feasibility of heat treatment to replace methyl bromide in Taiwan

    The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) initiated a series of International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) to prevent spreading of quarantine pests. Among them the ISPM No.15 Guideline was to recommend measures to reduce risks associated with packaging material made of coniferous and non-coniferous raw wood in the international trade.


    The Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration has observed the increase in demands of methyl bromide due to implementation of such standard, thus invited the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture to investigate the capacity of heat treatment that could replace the use of methyl bromide.


    Three heat treatment plants was visited in July this year, and the operators of the plants pointed out that there should be no problem of competing with methyl bromide treatment in the market, since treating a batch of about 150 ~ 200 pallets required 2 ~ 2.5 hours, and the cost could be 30% lower than the methyl bromide treatment.


  7. Taiwan submitted 2003 ozone depleting substances consumption data to the Ozone Secretariat

    Taiwan government started to submit consumption figures of ozone depleting substances to the ozone secretariat every year since 1992. The 2003 consumption figures were submitted in August this year, which was itemised according to the official reporting format of the Montreal Protocol, including import and export data of CFCs, HCFCs and methyl bromide.


    For Annex A group I substances, three tonnes of CFC-114 was imported for the manufacturing of meter-does inhaler, which is perceived by the protocol as essential use and could be exempted from the consumption accounting. For Annex C group I substances, HCFC-22 and HCFC-141B were the major items, about 3,714 tonnes imported, and 4,935 tonnes exported. The latter figure is only for HCFC-22.


    In the figures of methyl bromide, there was total 21 tonnes imported in 2003, which could be further divided into 9 tonnes for quarantine and 12 tonnes for pre-shipment usages.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute