1. Taiwan EPA sponsored 2004 workshops in stopping illegal trade of ODS

    In order to safe guard the effort of ozone layer protection, Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration started to facilitate training workshops for Customs since 1996, and the inclusion of Coast Guard Administration was further initiated since 1997.


    The 2004 training workshops were held between 3 rd -5 th November at major harbors from the north to the south of Taiwan , with around 416 officers were trained. The workshop was divided into four parts: the background knowledge in ozone layer protection, the international control regime and domestic measures, identification and handling of ODS, and the common smuggling methods.


    A short film 'Lost in Transit' was shown at the end of the session, which was produced by the Environmental Investigation Agency, and officers were stunned and most impressive by the real life smuggling cases captured in the film. During the touring period, the officers of Taichung harbor also reported a suspicious CFC-12 smuggling cargo, and the samples were taken and sent to the national laboratory to be examined.


  2. Halon bank management center started trial operation

    The import of fire fighting agents halons were banned in 1994 in Taiwan, and a order to clarify that fire extinguishers contained halons were prohibited was further announced in 2000. By 2004, there were 7 major smuggling of halons reported and with large share of the quantity seized (68 tonnes) occurred around year 2000, which has alarmed the authority that the demand of the agents could be increasing due to the release of existing systems.


    Due to this regard, Taiwan EPA initiated a programme to set up a halon bank management centre in 2002, which was conducted by the Industrial Technology Research Institute in coordination with the fire fighting department and agents recovery facilities. The real operation of accepting application and transferring stocks was expected to kick off in 2004. Eligible candidates to receive recovered halons include uses in national defense, aviation, utility, public transportation, and historical artifact preservation.


  3. Taiwan reduced amount of HCFCs quota to keep in compliance with the Montreal protocol

    The second HCFCs allocating meeting was held at the conference room of Taiwan EPA in 29 th October 2004, there were 110 entities qualified as users to receive quota for their first and second quarter demand in 2005, with total around 81 ODP tones and 88 ODP tonnes respectively. For that period, demand in HCFC-141b is around 67 ODP tonnes and mainly for precise cleaning and foam blowing, demand in HCFC-22 is around 101 tonnes and mainly for refrigeration, and demand for others such as HCFC-123 is around 1 ODP tonne. There were 12 entities qualified as importer and 1 entity as producer. They total received 27 tonnes and 33 tonnes for the first and second quarter respectively for 2005.


    According to the control measures of the Montreal Protocol set to the non-Article 5 countries, the calculated level of national consumption in HCFCs needs to reduce 35% below their baseline level. The total quota allocated in 2004 was around 407 ODP tonnes, which means that the final consumption figure could be very well kept at 35% below the Taiwan baseline level of 638 ODP tonnes.


  4. Companies with high refrigerant leakage rate were investigated

    Taiwan EPA noted that refrigeration servicing sector in the past has unusual high rate of demand in refrigerant leakage, thus strongly urged those should improve their operation as soon as possible in the HCFCs allocating meeting in 2003. However, based on the amounts of quota applied by the sectors in 2004 show that there is no significant improvement of the situation. Therefore, Taiwan EPA decided to pay visits to 7 companies that receiving refrigeration servicing and 1 company that providing the service from 19 th -22 nd October 2004.


    The visit discovered that the high HCFCs demand of 2 companies were actually for filling up new facilities, and personnel from Taiwan EPA advise them to apply for quota in the user's category. Another violation to the current rules discovered was the private transferring of quota among users, Taiwan EPA has issued the warning to the companies, and sent the case to the quota assessment committee for determining if deduction of quota for 2005.


  5. Taiwan international conference on atmospheric protection 2005

    The Taiwan EPA and the Industrial Development Bureau of Ministry of Economic Affairs jointly held 5 events of International Conference on Ozone Layer Protection between 1989 and 1998, and the 1999 event was changed as International Conference on Atmospheric Protection to accommodate themes on climate change. Taiwan EPA is currently organizing an event in 2005 to follow up the same spirit of the past, and the venue will be at the capital of Taiwan , Taipei city, in September.


    The goals of the events were to serve as a forum for scientists, engineers from industry, government, and academia to share and disseminate their valuable knowledge and research results in combating ozone depletion and climate change, and also to provide a networking venue for stakeholders from business, government, and technology development. The themes for 2005 will cover aspects in technology development, management science and practical experience in policy implementation.


  6. Taiwan EPA kicked off a reassessment programme on refrigerants uses

    In order to have a comprehensive picture of the usage of halogenate refrigerants, Taiwan EPA initiated a two-year program to conduct survey for air-conditioning and refrigeration facilities, and it will take into account of refrigerant that are ozone depleting substances such as CFCs and HCFCs, and refrigerant that are greenhouse gas like HFCs.


    A survey team will be established, which include personnel from Taiwan EPA, environmental and energy experts from Industrial Technology Research Institute, and others from industrial sectors or academia. The programme was expected to take in over 70% of the refrigerant usages in Taiwan , which will be very useful for future planning of substances management strategy.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute