1. Taiwan EPA is planning to revise the HCFCs consumption management rules

    The Industrial Development Bureau (IDB) of the Ministry of Economic Affairs announced a working guideline for controlling substances listed in the Montreal Protocol in 1993, and the HCFCs import license system was thereby initiated according to the guideline 3 years after. By June 2002, the Air Pollution Control Act was amended, which designate the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) as the competent agency to carry out works related to HCFCs import quota allocation. However, little change had been made to the rules. Especially the principle of end users have the priority for acquiring quota was continue to be followed.


    After 2 years of implementation, Taiwan EPA has discovered several loopholes existed within the rules. For instance, the way of calculating quota received based on amount purchased in the previous year has inevitable resulted in stockpiling of the chemicals. Opportunists have also exploited the ambiguous definition of the “end user” to acquire quota with priority, which has twisted the original intention of making sure real users to acquire quota. A rough estimation indicated that there was around 15-20% of quota allocated to “non-end-user”. In order to safeguard the integrity of the system, Taiwan EPA is planning to consult with scholars and stakeholders to revise the ‘HCFCs consumption management regulations'.


  2. Amounts of HCFCs quota issued for 2005 showed a declining trend in Taiwan

    Taiwan 's national calculated consumption of HCFCs in 1996 was around 638 ODP tones, and it was set as the baseline level for reduction. By 2004, the consumption level was around 383 ODP tonens, which showed a 40% reduction from the baseline level and it has been ahead of the 35% reduction schedule set to the non-Annex 5 parties to the Montreal protocol. The HCFCs import license system was recognized as an important measure for the success of such reduction.


    The first HCFCs allocation meeting of 2005 import quota was held at the conference room of Taiwan EPA in 28 th April, with 123 applying entities attended to confirm their quota received for the third and fourth quarter of 2005. There were total 392 ODP tonnes issued according to the priority-for-end-user principle set in the HCFCs consumption management regulations, with around 74% of the quota issued to qualified end users and 26% for importers and producers.


    The actual import clearance figure of applicant from the previous year is another important reference for determining the amounts of quota received this year. From the 2004 statistics, there were around 290 ODP tonnes issued to end users, but only 97% of them went through clearance. This implied a small proportion of decrease in demand of the substances, and it has also been reflected on the quota allocated to the sector in 2005. For producer and importers, 116 ODP tonnes of HCFCs quota were issued in 2004,and the clearance rate were almost 100%. Overall, there was 3.5% reduction of quota in 2005 from the 406 ODP tonnes in 2004.


  3. Refrigeration and foam blowing still the main HCFCs consuming sectors in Taiwan

    According to the HCFCs consumption management regulations of Taiwan , end users that received quota need to report their applications of HCFCs and the amount used annually. And all the applications could be categorised into 3 types, which are precision cleaning, foam blowing and refrigeration. Based on the reported figures between 2001 and 2004, the amounts applied have decreased from 412 ODP tonnes to 342 ODP tonnes, around 17% reduction in demand. It is deemed to be the result of prohibiting use of HCFC-141b in several precision cleaning purposes started from 2000. And from 2004 onwards, further banning of uses for some foam blowing purposes was also in effect.


    Observing the change in percentage to the total reported amount between 2001 and 2004, refrigeration sector showed an upward trend, increased from 44% to 51%, and foam blowing and precision cleaning sectors both showed a decreasing trend, with the precision cleaning decrease most significantly from 4.9% to 0.9%, and foam blowing decreased slightly from 52% to 48%. However, this statistics only reflect around 70% of the HCFCs applications, it is because around 30% of the end users whom do not receive import quota have no obligation of reporting their data. And this omission of the rules has been recognised and to be amended in the near future.


  4. Association for Atmospheric Protection in Taiwan vote for new board members

    The Association for Atmospheric Protection in Taiwan (AAPT) held the annual meeting in 26 th April 2005 to reelect the members of its fifth board of director and supervisor, with total 90 members attended the meeting. AAPT is a non-governmental organisation that established in 1993, with objectives in raising awareness of ozone layer protection and mitigating global warming. It has around 56 group memberships and 82 individual memberships from government, industry and academic community.


    The Association started to facilitate Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration in assessment and allocation of HCFCs quota since 1996, and it also plays an important role to bring in participation of general public in ozone layer protection. This year AAPT is planning to hold a ceremony to award companies that have positive contributions to the safeguarding of ozone layer and mitigating climate change in September, and a children drawing contest on themes related to the ozone layer protection is also under preparation, hoping to raise the awareness of parents by educating their children.


    Information of Children Drawing Contest: www.saveoursky.org.tw/kid


  5. Taiwan EPA held Workshops on rational usage of air conditioning refrigerants

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration initiated a two-year program to survey halide carbon refrigerants usage in air-conditioning and refrigeration facilities in 2004. And in order to raise awareness and strengthen capability among refrigerants applying sectors, two workshops on rational usage of refrigerants was held at Taipei (4 th May) and Kaohsiung city (10 th May) with technical supports from the Industrial Technology Research Institute. There were total 92 operating personnel from the refrigerants handling sector attended the workshops.


    Halide carbon refrigerants cover refrigerants that are ozone depleting substances such as CFCs and HCFCs, and substances that are greenhouse gas like HFCs. Workshops were composed of 3 main sessions, which are the international control regime, rational usage of air conditioning, practical tips on coolant recovery for mobile air-conditioner. During the session, apart from technical questions asked, the non-UN member position of Taiwan to the necessity of in compliance with Montreal Protocol were also raised by participants, and Taiwan EPA responded to the question by elaborating the possible environmental and international trading advantages of staying in compliance voluntarily.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute