1. Taiwan submitted 2004 ozone-depleting substance consumption data to the ozone secretariat voluntaril

    Taiwan EPA submitted the 2004 data of import, export and production of ozone-depleting substance to the ozone secretariat in September this year. The practice has been conducted annually through a non- governmental organization, the Industrial Technology Research Institute, since 1992.


    Substances controlled by the Montreal protocol and once produced in Taiwan include CFC-11, CFC-12, carbon tetrachloride, HCFC-141b, HCFC-142b and HCFC-22. In compliance with the control measures set forth to the non-Article 5 countries of the protocol voluntarily, Taiwan ceased production of CFCs in 1996 and froze the HCFCs production level at 638 ODP tonnes. The only HCFCs producing facility owned by Formosa Plastics Group decided to gradually decrease the output in the past 2 year, and stopped producing HCFC-141b and HCFC-142b since 2004.


    Import of halons, CFCs, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, HBFCs and carbon tetrachloride was ceased gradually from 1994. There are only 3 metric tonnes of CFC-114 imported in 2004 for use in metered does-inhalers, which is perceived as the essential use in the Montreal Protocol. Import of 1,1,1-trichloroethane to be used as feedstock was also ceased in 2003. HCFC-22 and HCFC-141b become the major substances that are still imported each year.


    Import of methyl bromide was used solely on quarantine and pre-shipment purposes since 1999. The demand for these purposes escalated due to adoption of ISPM-15 guideline of the International Plant Protection Convention by many countries. There were 93 tonnes imported in 2004, with 30 tonnes for quarantine purpose and 63 tonnes for pre-shipment purpose.


    HCFC-22 is the only substance that is exported each year. There were 4,738 metric tonnes exported in 2004.


    Overall, Taiwan CFCs consumption was phased out completely since 1996. And the consumption level of HCFCs has been reduced to 383 ODP tonnes, which was much lower than the 65% of the baseline level. Despite that Taiwan’s intention of becoming a member of the United Nations have been rejected repeatedly, the nation still vows to take up its share of moral duty to protect our environment, and has been fully in compliance with the control measures set forth to the non-Article 5 countries to the Montreal Protocol since the very beginning.


  2. Taiwan EPA revising HCFCs consumption management rules

    Since the Air Pollution Control Act was amended in June 2002, Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) became the competent agency for HCFCs import quota allocation. After 2 years of implementation, Taiwan EPA discovered that there are still loopholes in the HCFCs consumption management regulations amended in 2002, thereby decided to revise and further amend the regulation accordingly.


    The major focus of the revision was on re-defining the quota allocation entities, which including "user", "importer", and "manufacturer", to assure the HCFCs quota were issued fairly and to entities that deemed essential. Revision also recommended to combine the "importer" and "manufacturer" into one "supplier" category.


    For entity that handling HCFCs for servicing the refrigeration sector on refilling and dismantle will be obliged to stringent requirements on recovery facilities and in practice, entity that fail to comply with the requirements and emit substance to the atmosphere will be seen as air pollution act.


    Change in rules of determining amount of quota allocated to entities is another important aspect. The existing one is based on the consumption data of the previous year reported by each applicant. However, this is considered to be the main loophole to problems of stockpiling. The amendment is planning to adopt actual HCFCs purchasing records of applicants as the reference for how much quota received in the next one year. Further more, suppliers will be obliged to submit inventory of their distributors to Taiwan EPA.


    Currently, the revision is near completion. The amendment is expected to be announced and put into public hearing in early 2006.


  3. Decline in methyl bromide import quota application first observed in Taiwan

    The International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No.15 Guidelines (ISPM-15) was adopted gradually by countries all over the world since 2003, which recognised methyl bromide fumigation and heat treatment as approved measures to treat packaging material made of coniferous and non-coniferous raw wood in the international trade to prevent the spread of pests.


    Due to such movement, importer in Taiwan started to increase the amount of methyl bromide quota applied in 2003, and continued to grow due to expectation of increase in demand. However, pest control companies in Taiwan also started to invest into the heat treatment facilities and obtain certification from the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) in the same period, which resulted in suppression on the growth of methyl bromide. By the second half year of 2005, the amount of application submitted showed a sign of decline for the first time in the past few years.


    According to the bulletin of the Council of Agriculture in 5th September 2005, there has been 154 certified pest control companies with appropriate heat treatment facility, in comparison, there were only 17 companies that are qualified to practice methyl bromide fumigation for pre-shipment purposes. The demand in increase of methyl bromide for fulfilling the ISPM-15 is expected to be kept minimum in Taiwan.


  4. Workshops of stopping illegal trade of ODS focused on the coast guard

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) held 3 workshops on identifying illegal trade of ozone- depleting substance from 22nd to 24th November 2005; the venues were at major training centers of northern to southern divisions of Coast Guard Administration. In order to safeguard the efforts devoted to protect the ozone layer, Taiwan EPA started to facilitate training workshops of this kind for Customs since 1996, and the inclusion of Coast Guard Administration was further initiated since 1997.


    According to the set up of the courses in each year, the workshop divided into 4 parts: the background knowledge in ozone layer protection, the international control regime and domestic measures, identification and handling of ODS, and the common smuggling methods. This year training was only for the front line officers of the Coast Guard Administration. That is because the Customs officers are mostly in full time position and have been trained every year in the past. Also considering more and more smuggling cases were discovered to be through the fishing boat. There are around 300 coast guard officers were trained this year.


  5. 2005 Taiwan International Conference on Atmosphere Protection

    Taiwan International Conference on Atmosphere Protection was held from 20th to 21st September 2005, which was supported by the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) to act as a platform fo r exchange experience, ideas and innovation on ozone layer protection and climate change mitigation.


    There were around 150 audiences from Taiwan and oversea presented at the conference. Speeches and discussion were proceeded according to the themes of pre-grouped sessions, which were 'Strategy for Ozone Layer Protection and Climate Change', 'ODS Alternatives and Technology Development', 'Energy Efficiency', and 'International Program to Voluntary Reduce F-Gas Emission'. A wide spectrum of disciplines of speakers from all over the world participated this year conference, including experts and scholars from Australia Department of the Environment and Heritage, Japan Halon Recycling and Banking Support Committee, Mongolia National Ozone Unit, Seoul National University, 3M Electronics, U.S. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Singapore Nanyang Technological University, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc., U.S. Semiconductor Industry Association, TUV Rheinland (India) Pvt Ltd and DNV Taiwan.


    Taiwan EPA also awarded 13 prizes to individual, private company or institution that have excellent contribution to ozone layer protection or mitigating climate change this year. The prizewinners were selected through a serial of open nomination and achievement confirmation process started in June 2005. There were 4 categories of awards, which are Individual Contribution, Outstanding Efforts, Outstanding Technical Contribution, and Best Promotion & Services awards. Prizewinners are as listed below.


    Award Category

    prizewinner

    Outstanding Technical Contribution


    TECO Electrical and Machinery Co., Ltd.

    Gatetech Technology Inc.

    BASF Polyurethanes Co., Ltd

    Outstanding Efforts


    Powerchip Semiconductor Corp

    China Steel Corp

    Winbond Electronics Corp.

    Chi Mei Optoelectronics Corp.

    Best Promotion & Services


    Flying King Recycling Engineering Co., Ltd.

    Au Optronics Corp.

    Mitsubishi Motor

    Ford Liu-Ho Motor Co.

    Individual


    Chiang Hung-ming
    Chairman of the Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection Committee of TTLA


    Hsiao Shu-Chiung
    Senior specialist of the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan


    Chen Hui-Chun
    President of Sound Air Industrial Co.



    Contact : Mr. Yi-Lin Wu, Taiwan EPA, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


 

If you have questions, comments , ideas for the editor, or wish not to receive this newsletter ,

please contact: Ms. Hsu , Industrial Technology Research Institute, Tel. (886) 3 5913791, E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute