1. Taiwan EPA held Workshops on rational use of refrigerants

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration initiated a two years project to survey the use and distribution or halide carbon refrigerants in air-conditioning and refrigeration facilities in 2004. The project was conducted by the Industrial Technology Research Institute, and substances looked into including CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs within various refrigeration sectors in Taiwan for the past 10 years. The finding will be used as important references of modifying the refrigerant management plan for the next stage.


    Considering uses of refrigerants are mostly in closed environment, the emission should be limited unless system leakage of deliberately discharge. Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration decided to hold another 2 workshops on rational usage of refrigerants through the project for the second year, in order to raise awareness and strengthen capability among refrigerants applying sectors. Workshops took place in 18th April at Kaohsiung and 9th Macityy at Taipei city. There were around 90 operating personnel from the refrigerants handling sectors attended the workshops.


    Workshops were arranged into 5 sessions: the international and domestic control regime of the substances, the components for rational use of refrigerants, refrigerant recovery mechanism for scrapped facilities, practical tips for maintenance of refrigeration system, and refrigerant recovery for mobile air-conditioner.


  2. Consultation of the next phase refrigerant management plan

    Taiwan phased out consumption of CFCs in 1996 to comply with the control measures to the non-Article 5 countries to the Montreal Protocol. The HCFCs quota and import permit system was established in 1994, which successful facilitated the achievement in reduction of the nation's HCFCs consumption to the 65% of its baseline level in 2004. Currently the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration is assessing the feasibility of existing measures for achieving reduction goal of the next phase, to the 35% of the baseline level in 2010.


    A consultation meeting on "rational and phase out agenda of refrigerant uses" was called in 9th May 2006, 35 delegates representing association of refrigeration and air-conditioning engineering, chemical producers, academia, manufacturer of refrigerant recovery facility, and industries that use refrigerant attended the meeting. Discussing key issues on revision of HCFCs use phase-out agenda, banning of recharging CFCs in existing vehicles, appropriate level of refrigerant used for servicing system, mechanism for recovery of HFCs and HCFCs. Despite that many issues remained further clarification, the common understanding was on the abnormal high demand in refrigerant for servicing existing system. Future works need to focus on the expedition of replacement of old and inefficient systems, and enhancing skill of workers that handle refrigerants.


    The uses of HCFCs in manufacture of interface boards for personal computer and mouse were first banned in 2000, and uses of HCFC-141b as foaming agent for various polyurethane plastics and as cleaning agent in manufacture of electronic components of information technology were further banned in 2004. And the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration also stopped issuing HCFCs quota to users that applied since then.


  3. Taiwan air conditioner makers launched models using alternative refrigerants to the ozone

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration paid visits to 8 major household air conditioner and fridge manufacturing sites and 1 system compressor producer of Taiwan in 7th and 11th April this year, seeking consultation on feasibility of the next phase use ban on HCFCs. The companies visited were Sanyo, Panasonic, Hitachi, Teco, Sampo and Tatung.


    A HCFCs phase-out agenda on uses was adopted by Taiwan Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs in April 2000. After the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration became the competent agency of managing ozone depleting substances in 2003, the following announced "HCFCs consumption management regulation" continued to adopt this agenda, but subjected to further amendment by the status of control.


    According to the agenda, the next sectors will be affected by are the air-conditioning and fridge manufacturers. By 2008 the use of HCFCs on producing rigid PU foam for heat insulation will be banned. And by 2010, HCFCs used as refrigerant will be banned in central controlled and self-contained type air-conditioners, refrigeration system in vehicle and fishing boat, commercial display refrigeration system, vending machine and dehumidifiers.


    The findings showed that most of the air conditioning models produced by these companies were still relying on HCFC-22 as refrigerant, but the variable rotation systems have mostly changed to substitute refrigerant HFC-410A, which are gradually gaining market acceptance due to their higher energy efficiency and diverse functions. The production of fridge insulation panel was originally using HCFC-141b as foaming agent, and majority of the companies have invested in the facilities that apply hydrocarbon. Most of the new production line is expected to start running between 2007 and 2008.


  4. Taiwan Customs office held internal training workshop to strengthen capability of identifying

    Kaohsiung Customs office decided to hold 2 additional half-day workshops at its venue on strengthening staff capability of identifying ozone-depleting substance (ODS) illegal trade in 3rd April 2006, which is regarded as one of the major measure to counteract the frequently spotted incidents of CFCs smuggling from the southern coastline of Taiwan, where are under the jurisdiction of Kaohsiung Customs office. Experts from Formosa Plastics and Industrial Technology Research Institute were called on through the Taiwan Environmental protection Administration to assist in the training session of the workshop.


    The workshop included topics on: background knowledge of ozone layer protection, the international control regime and domestic measures, identification and handling of ODS, and the frequently spotted smuggling methods. Participants were mainly officers and staff of the Customs. However, considering more and more smuggling cases through the fishing boat were found, the officers of the Coast Guard Administration and Kaohsiung Harbour police were also invited to attend the workshop. There were around 250 officers trained.


    Apart from this particular event, workshop of this kind was held on annual basis since 1996 by Taiwan EPA.


  5. Taiwan EPA issued HCFCs import quota for the second half year of 2006

    The 'HCFCs import quota allocation meeting' for the second half of 2006 was held at the conference room of Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration in 28th April, with total 98 applying entities, which were made of 11 suppliers and 87 end users, attended to confirm their quota received for the third and fourth quarter of 2006. Comparing to total 123 applicants in 2005, the number of entities demand for HCFCs dropped significantly. However, the total amount of quota issued was increase slightly from the 392 ODP tonnes in 2005 to 394 ODP tonnes issued this year, with 128 ODP tonnes to suppliers and 266 ODP tonnes to end users.


    The amounts of quota were received is assessed by a committee formed by academia, industry, and non- governmental organization, based on the actual import clearance figures of applicants of the previous year and taking into account of the status of national consumption reduction. There were 6 applicants failed were failed to submit required evidence of use or unauthorized transfer of quota, and their quota was reduced accordingly with total 1.5 ODP tonnes.


    Taiwan's national calculated consumption of HCFCs in 1996 was around 638 ODP tones, and it was set as the baseline level of reduction. By 2004, the consumption level was around 383 ODP tonnes, which showed a 40% reduction from the baseline level and has been ahead of the 35% reduction schedule set to the non- Annex 5 parties to the Montreal protocol. The only producer, Formosa Plastics, ceased their HCFC-141b production in 2004, and ceased HCFC-22 production in the beginning of 2006, which has resulted in total phased out of HCFCs production in Taiwan.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute