1. Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration holding 2006 ozone protection drawing contest for kids

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) is holding another drawing and painting contest for children this year. The event will be commissioned to the assistance of The Association for Atmospheric Protection in Taiwan (AAPT) and Industrial Technology Research Institute. With the success in publicity of the 2005 event, there will be two more organizations joined on board, which are the Children's Art Museum in Taiwan and The Eastern Publishing Company.


    The contest is open to all elementary school pupils in Taiwan, with junior, intermediate, and senior grade grouping, and there will be 3 excellent, 10 outstanding, and 15 fine pieces of work selected and awarded . There were more than 600 pieces of work received last year, and this year is expecting to be more contestants participating.


    The themes of drawing are to be either ozone layer protection or climate change mitigation, hoping through the inspiration seeking process, both parents and children could have a better awareness of the issues. The deadline for submitting works will be prior 31st October 2006.


    Information of the contest: http://202.39.10.92/ozoneweb/kid/2006/index.htm


  2. Taiwan Railway Administration retired halon fire fighting system by stages

    Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA) transferred 2 tonnes of fire-fighting agent halon-1301 to the Halon Bank of Taiwan in 25th August 2006. The agent was taken from its dismantled fire-fighting systems. TRA planned to dismantle all the fire-fighting systems that rely on halon-1301 at station platforms all over Taiwan in three stages. The first stage of agent extraction was initiated in the beginning of 2005, which took out around 2 tonnes of halon-1301, and this year was the second stages of the operation.


    The new fire-fighting system installed will be using FM200® as agent, which is chemically known as heptafluoropropane and is used as an alternative fire suppression system agent manufactured in the United States by Great Lakes Chemical (FM-200) and DuPont Corporation (HFC-227). It has no ozone depletion potential, but is a potent greenhouse gas.


    The import of halons were banned in 1994 in Taiwan, and a order to clarify that fire extinguishers contained halons were prohibited was further announced in 2000. Due to this regard, Taiwan EPA formally set up a Halon Bank in 2005, which was operated by the Industrial Technology Research Institute in coordination with the fire-fighting department and agent recovery facilities. Eligible candidates to apply and receive recovered halons include uses for national defense, aviation, utility, public transportation, and historical artifact preservation. However, the approval of each application will be considered case by case by an expert committee summoned by Taiwan EPA.


  3. Analysis of 2005 HCFCs uses in Taiwan

    According to the data submitted to Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) by HCFCs quota receivers every year, the amount of substances consumed decreased from 403 ODP tonnes in 2003 to 296 ODP tonnes in 2005, resulted in a reduction rate of around 26%. The refrigeration and plastic foam manufacturing were the two main sectors that consumed HCFCs in Taiwan, they took up 53.6% and 47.1% respectively, and left with 0.3% for precision cleaning.


    Several precision cleaning applications were announced prohibited in Taiwan by stages since 2000, including manufacturing parts and components for Personal Computer and Mouse products. Most of the manufacturers deployed aqueous or semi-aqueous cleaning process to eliminate the needs for HCFCs, whereas some adopted n-propyl bromide as substitute solvent. With such actions the demand of HCFCs for precision cleaning application decreased significantly, and there were only around 961 ODP kg reported uses in 2005.


    HCFCs used as foaming agent in manufacturing of polyurethane (PU) products was also in a downward trend, decreased from 212 ODP tonnes in 2002 to 139 ODP tonnes in 2005, resulted in a reduction rate of around 35%. Among them the use for PU plastic took up around 93%, and PS/PO plastic for the rest 7%. The companies requested for HCFCs quota were also decreased from 39 to 23 during the same period.


    Comparatively, the reduction rate in HCFCs uses as refrigerant was lower, around 12% between 2002 and 2005. There were 177 ODP tonnes reported in 2002 and 156 ODP tonnes in 2005, and HCFC-22, HCFC- 123 and R-408A were the mostly reported types of substances used. Applications in window and unitary air- conditioning unit was the highest, took up 57% of the refrigerant sector, and servicing the existing system took up 29% came second. The latter application was considered as abnormally high when comparing with status of most non-Article 5 countries. The servicing uses were composed of 11% for transportation refrigeration, 10% for stationary refrigeration, and 7% for air-conditioning.


  4. Methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment purposes still in a growing trend

    The demand of Methyl bromide in Taiwan had become stable prior 2002, after that a growing trend started to appear once again, the highest annual growing rate 71% was observed in 2004. Although this high annual growth rate did not maintain and decreased to around 10% between 2005 and 2006, the national annual demand level of methyl bromide was already raised to 2.7 times of 2002 level, with total reach to 130 tonnes in 2006.


    The potential cause of the growth could be the implementation of " International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No.15 (ISPM-15) " since 2003, which sets guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade, describes phytosanitary measures to reduce the risk of introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests associated with wood packaging material. Currently the approved measures are either heat treatment or fumigation with methyl bromide.


    There is no methyl bromide production capacity in Taiwan, therefore acquisition of the substance relies on import. According to the substance managing rules amended in 2003, only uses for quarantine and pre- shipment applications are allowed, entity that qualify can submit their application and proving document to receive methyl bromide quota and import permit.


    The decisions made by the meeting of the parties to the Montreal protocol request country avoiding methyl bromide fumigation whereas feasible alternative technologies exist. Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) and the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) coordinate actively to promote the heat treatment since 2003. By the end of 2005, there have been 154 certified pest control companies with appropriate heat treatment facilities, hoping the demand in increase of methyl bromide for fulfilling the ISPM-15 is expected to be kept minimum in Taiwan.


  5. Observation of the 26th Open-Ended Working Group meeting to the Montreal Protocol

    The twenty-sixth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG-26) of the parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer convened from 3-6 July 2006 in Montreal, Canada. Over 340 delegates representing governments, UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, industry and agricultural interests attended. In closure delegates agreed on seven draft decisions to the eighteenth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (MOP-18), to be held in New Delhi, India.


    Representatives from a Taiwan non-governmental organization - Industrial Technology Research Institute attended the meeting, which started to attend the meeting since 1990. The institute has been compiling reports of observation of the negotiation progress and provided recommendations to Taiwan government. Taiwan pledged to be in compliance voluntarily with the control measures to the non-Article 5 countries to the Montreal Protocol since its signing.


    Considering the substances used in Taiwan, issues discussed in OEWG-26 that are relevant or have implications to national control measures include the treatment of recovered CFCs from existing facility and stockpile, and transition to non-CFC-based metered-dose inhalers (MDI). There is only one company producing CFC-MDI in Taiwan, and it has indicated to gradually abandon the use of CFCs in 2005. Since then there were no entity applying for pre-1996 CFCs stock, instead the issue faced by Taiwan government will be the treatment of 100 tonnes of CFC-12 still in stock.


    Sources of and opportunities for reducing carbon tetrachloride (CTC) emission is another issue that needs to be looked into. Despite the consumption of CTC in Taiwan has been phased out since 1996, the substance could potentially be produced as a by-product by some chemical processes. Therefore, the ITRI report recommended Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration should investigate further the sources of CTC emission in Taiwan.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute