1. PUBLIC HEARING FOR REGULATIONS ON OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) held a public hearing in 12th December 2006 for the recently revised regulations on ozone depleting substances, seeking opinions and comments from private sectors on the 'regulation on controlled substances to the Montreal Protocol' and 'regulation on management of HCFCs consumption' , and the prior is an integrated set of rules on CFCs, halons and other ODS announced before 2003. There were around 40 delegates representing stakeholders including substances producer, users and importers participated the hearing.


    The main changes to the 'regulation on controlled substances to the Montreal Protocol' were: person that handling, refilling and dismantling equipment with controlled substances must adopt recovering facility, servicing of refrigeration and air-conditioning system can only use the recovered substances after 1st January 2010, and any intended discharge of substance to the atmosphere will be deemed as air polluting act. Infringement of the regulation could lead to a maximum fine of 1 million NT dollars, and continuous infringements or situation regarded as serious could lead to the suspension of business operating license.


    For 'regulation on management of HCFCS consumption', article that stipulated the forbidden in use and date of HCFC-141b was added, which covered the manufacturing of low temperature insulation PU foam and electronic communication devices from 1st January 2008 afterward. Problems in treatment of pre-1996 CFCS stock was also raised in the hearing, and EPA promised to release the stock for the use of private sectors, or considering exporting to the Article 5 countries to the Montreal Protocol in the near future, meanwhile reinforcing the track down of ODS smuggling activities. Both regulations were expected to be announced after minor modifications in wording.


  2. Taiwan metered-does inhaler (MDI) producer planning to reduce use CFCS

    Replacing CFC-based MDI with CFC-free alternatives has been one of the key issues discussed in recent meetings of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, and the 2006 report of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) also pointed out that it is feasible for many types of MDI products to replace CFCS uses. Considering this trend, Taiwan Environmental Protection (EPA) visited the only CFC-based MDI manufacturing facility in Taiwan during October 2006, to check the progression of its replacing scheme.


    The facility was originally owned by the German based company the Boehringer Ingelheim, and it was sold to the Synmosa Biopharma, a Taiwan based company, in 2005. However, the CFC-MDI products manufactured were still marketing through Boehringer Ingelheim to the domestic market. The annual CFCS demand for this purpose was around 13 tonnes, which consisted of 3 tonnes of CFC-11, 7 tonnes of CFC- 12, and 3 tonnes of CFC-114. This demand will need to be verified and acquired permit from the Taiwan EPA.


    The company indicated that it is planning to cease production of CFC-MDI in 2007, and has assessed the costs of investment in installing production line for alternatives HFA, initial estimated figure was around $400,000 USD for installation of the production and testing facilities.


  3. Initial estimation of HCFCS quota required for 2007 remains at 2006 level in Taiwan

    Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) convened the 2nd HCFCS quota allocation meeting in 27th; October 2006, inviting importers and users to participate, confirming the consumption data submitted for their first half year of 2006 and amount applied for the first half year of 2007. Taiwan EPA then estimated the HCFCS quota required for 2007 according to these submissions.


    There were 88 users and 11 suppliers submitted their application this year, the total HCFCS demand estimated was to be around 391 ODP tonnes in 2007. Comparing to the past years actual issuing figures, it was around 406 ODP tonnes for 2004, and reduced 3.5% to around 392 ODP tonnes in 2005. The estimated demand showed no significant change to the past demands. According to the priority-for-end-user principle set in the HCFCS consumption management regulations, around 67% of the quota will be issued to qualified end users and 33% for importers and producers in 2007.


    Taiwan's national calculated consumption of HCFCS in 1996 was around 638 ODP tones, which was set as the baseline level for reduction. By 2004, the consumption level was around 383 ODP tonens, which showed a 40% reduction from the baseline level, and it has been maintained at this level since. The import licensing system was recognised as an important measure for HCFCS consumption reduction.


  4. Taiwan EPA planning to conduct a survey on methyl bromide uses for quarantine and pre-shipment purposes

    The methyl bromide consumption of non-Article 5 countries should be completely phased out in 2005, but its actual uses for Quarantine and Pre-Shipment (QPS) purposes were exempted from such national consumption calculation. The increase in quantity for these purposes in the recent years has alarmed many parties to the Montreal Protocol. The Meeting of the Parties came up with a decision to form a special task force to conduct a survey in details of such uses, and to assess the opportunity and feasibility of replacing them.


    There was no methyl bromide production capacity in Taiwan. The acquisition of the substance has to be relied on import. According to the managing rules amended in 2003, only uses for quarantine and pre-shipment applications are allowed, entity that qualify can submit their application and proving document to receive methyl bromide quota and import permits. However, the application form only requested applicants to fill up figures in brief categories of QPS uses, which has made it difficult to conform to the monitoring and records keeping requirements specified in Decision XI/13.


    With this regard, Taiwan EPA has consulted with the related government bodies and implementing agencies during November this year, to revise the current application and reporting formats, and considering adding more detail categories of uses and rationale of choosing methyl bromide. The adjustment is expected to facilitate the identification of uses where feasible alternative technologies exist, and accelerate the true phase- out of methyl bromide in Taiwan.


  5. Taiwan EPA's press conference to media on ozone layer protection

    Following the closing of the 18th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MOP-18) took place in New Delhi, India, from 30 October - 3 November 2006, Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) held a press conference in 21st November, to disseminate the up-to-date news and findings of ozone layer protection related work to major media in Taiwan.


    Hoping to raise awareness of the general public further through media, and gaining their continue supports on EPA's policy and measures on ozone issues. Especially, Taiwan is not recognised by the United Nations as a nation and can not become a party to the Montreal Protocol; it has complied with the control measures of the protocol through a voluntary commitment approach.


    The press emphasised the relation between ozone depletion and human's daily activities, referring to new findings from Scientific Assessment Panel and other assessment panels on their work in the 2002-2006 assessment reports, and affirming efforts and contributions of international community on mitigating the ozone depletion process.


    The Deputy Director General to the Bureau of Air Quality Protection and Noise Control of EPA, Mr. Wu, Sheng-Chun pointed out: there are many small things that general public can help to protect the ozone layer, such as choosing household appliances and vehicle that do not rely on ozone depleting substance (ODS), requesting garage to recovery refrigerant while servicing the car air conditioner, etc. Many of these kinds of decisions also bring about benefits in energy or electricity saving, it will save people's money too.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute