1. Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Reduction Technologies Meeting Held by Taiwan EPA

    Given the stricter methyl bromide control worldwide, the methyl bromide alternatives and reduction technologies meeting was held by the Taiwan EPA on Dec 11, 2009 with invited importers, users and representatives from the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ). The experts from the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) presented the latest international control regulations and up-to-date alternatives.


    Multi-topics were discussed during this meeting, including:


     

    1. Developed methyl bromide alternatives and reduction technologies for QPS purposes in EU since it will be banned on March 18, 2010.
    2. Testing of chemical alternative as well as importation and utilization permits.
    3. Reducing fail fumigation by enhancing sanitation management of container operators.
    4. Suggestions of management regulations of methyl bromide amendment draft, which are about alternatives, reduction technologies and once per year of quota allocation, etc.
    5. Studying on recycle and recovery technologies for methyl bromide.
    6. Requesting methyl bromide users to declare commodity categories and applied amount each season; In addition, the table of "total statistic methyl bromide utilized amount" is also required for exactly controlling fumigation locations and targets.

    Currently, methyl bromide is only approved for the purposes of quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) in Taiwan. Several heat treatment facilities were well deployed by the BAPHIQ propagation, which earns commendation by the European Unions (EU), etc. In order to protect ozone layer, the Taiwan EPA emphasizes again that methyl bromide can only be applied for QPS purposes, not for environmental and agricultural agents. Violation will be fined according to air pollution regulations.


  2. Taiwan EPA Conducted the Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for the first half year of 2010

    According to the articles 5 and 10 in the "Management Regulations of Methyl Bromide", the importers and users should apply importation and use permits with declaration based on the first half year use amount estimation of the next calendar year to the central management agency at the end of August, every year. Owing to these regulations, the Taiwan EPA with professionals convened the methyl bromide quota allocation meeting on Oct 21, 2009 with applicant's declared documents. The investigation principles were:


     

    1. The quota allocation for the first half year of 2010 was based on the same period of 2009 which was verified. The exact utilization of declared quota allocation documents were be investigated. If applied quota allocation was lower than the same period of last year, the approved quota would be the same as applied in this year.
    2. If fumigation certificates were missing (without signatures or unidentified processed categories), 10% off quota allocation would be issued according to the previous article.

    This meeting not only investigated the sale and purchase documents from importers and users, but also verified the fumigation certificates offered by users and statistic of methyl bromide use amount. After investigation, the Taiwan EPA approved to allocate 10,350.0 kg of 100% w/t and 12,977.2 kg of 98% w/t methyl bromide for the first half year of 2010.


  3. Taiwan EPA Conducted Annual Preliminary HCFCs Quota Allocation for 2010

    The Taiwan EPA conducted HCFCs preliminary quota allocation in 2010 for importers and users in Oct, 2009. The 2010 total national allocation for HCFCs is 25% of consumption baseline (638.156 ODP tonnes), which is 40% decline compared to 65% of consumption baseline in year 2009. Due to reserve 10% of annual cap by the Taiwan government (2.5% of consumption baseline) for national construction, defense or security, only 22.5% of consumption baseline was allocated currently.


    According to the revised and announced "Management Regulations of HCFC Consumption" in 2009, HCFCs quota allocation will be suspended to some applications which have well developed alternatives including electronic cleaning, foam blowing and some types of air conditioner. To avoid demand addition for HCFC from users who own HCFC quota allocation in the next calendar year under expected economic recovery, 5% of baseline quota (equal to 1.25% of consumption baseline) was released from government and included as preliminary quota allocation estimates, which means a total of 23.75% of the baseline is available for 2010. However, it depends on accurate allocation in coming April to make further decision about releasing remained 5% of the baseline.


    There are 58,481.89 ODP Kg for importers and 93,080.16 ODP Kg for users allocated for 2010, preliminarily. It accounts for 229,100 ODP Kg decreasing compared to the total allocated amount in 2009. The main declined applications include cleaning process in microwave communication products, other electronic cleaning applications, rigid PU foams for low-temperature insulation, window type (including split type) air conditioners with HCFC-22 below 7.1kW and mist propellant. The numbers of users are lowered to 57 after quota allocation decline; 11 importers remain.


    Furthermore, to encourage recycling of HCFC, the importers or users may apply quota addition based on clause 11 "Quota allocation addition based on previous annual verifiable HCFCs recycle amount as evaluation baseline. The annual remaining quota will be allocated by proportion to qualified applicants." in the "Management Regulations of HCFCs Consumption" announced by the Taiwan EPA.


  4. Taiwan EPA Propagates Management Strategies of Montreal Protocol Control Substances to Local Government Agencies

    Ozone depleting substances (ODS) control is a long term and widespread mission. In order to promote this mission, the event of "Control Strategies of Montreal Protocol Control Substances" was held by the Taiwan EPA on December 1, 2009. Representatives were invited from counties and citie's environmental protection bureaus as well as regional environmental inspection teams. Owing to the ozone layer protection, this event illustrated the latest progresses in Montreal Protocol Control Substances and national control regulations to assist government inspection personnel who control the registered firms in the area.


    This event was held by division chief Mr. Cheng-Tao Wu of the department of air quality protection of the Taiwan EPA. Two briefings were conducted by the project manager Mr. Zen Wang and researcher Ms. Fei-Chiao Yang of the ITRI, respectively, which focused on the reasons of international ODS control, contents as well as developing progresses of Montreal Protocol ODS control and national regulations announced by the Taiwan government in order to protect ozone layer based on Montreal Protocol, which include "Management Regulations of Montreal Protocol Control Substances", Management Regulations of HCFCs Consumption" and "Management Regulations of Methyl Bromide", etc. In addition, detailed regulation explanation was especially discussed in the event for issuing ODS vending permits by counties and cities" environmental protection bureaus.


    In order to smoothly promote executing ozone layer protection by local environmental agencies, an executive tool book for them was published by the Taiwan EPA: "Recognition Guidelines for Management of Ozone Depleting Substances in Taiwan".


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute