1. Uses of HCFCs in Manufacturing Process Suspended Starting 2011

    The Taiwan EPA followed the 2007 Montreal Protocol Adjustment for developed countries (the non-Article 5 parties to the Montreal Protocol) to amend the "Regulations for HCFCs Consumption Management (noticed on August 5, 2009)" as a guideline for managing HCFCs uses. According to the HCFCs management regulation, we not only revised the national HCFCs reduction target from 65% to 75% off the baseline by 2010, but also added new articles for the timeframe of suspending HCFCs uses in different sectors starting from 2010.


    According to Article 6 of the regulation, from 2004 onwards, Taiwan had stopped using HCFC-141b in most applications within foam blowing and cleaning process except for low-temperature insulated rigid PU foam and products of microwave and satellite communication. Moreover, from 2011, new regulations will be applied on stopping the use of HCFC-141b in producing low-temperature isolated rigid PU foam, cleaning process in microwave and satellite communication products. In other words, HCFC-141b will not be used as foaming and cleaning agents afterward. From the beginning of 2011, Taiwan will also stop using HCFC-22 refrigerant in window type (including split type) air conditioners below 7.1kW. This is the first time HCFCs are prohibited in refrigerant application in Taiwan.


    The stockpiled HCFCs are allowed to be used for manufacturing the products mentioned above in 2010. After January 1st 2011, the Taiwan EPA will strictly prohibit manufacturers from using HCFC-22 in producing window type (including split type) air conditioners below 7.1kW, HCFC-141b in cleaning processes and foam blowing sectors mentioned above. Violators will be fined NT$100,000 to NT$1,000,000, equivalent to US$3,000 to 33,000, according to Article 59 of the Air Pollution Control Act. In certain serious circumstances, violators may be penalized with suspension of manufacturing or termination of business.


    HCFCs, as control substances in Taiwan, will require permits in advance for importation or exportation which are issued by the Taiwan EPA. The equipment, products which contain controlled HCFCs mentioned above are also prohibited to be imported after the prohibition is in effect at the same date. Violators may be penalized with six months to five years imprisonment and fines of NT$300,000 to NT$1.5 million, equivalent to US$ 9,000 to 50,000.


    According to the Montreal Protocol and Taiwan's HCFCs management regulations, the HCFCs quota will be cut back 90% in 2015, and 99.5% in 2020. It means only 3,191 ODP Kg will be allowed for allocation in 2020; and it will be limited for maintenance purposes for existing chillers and air-conditioners which are in operating status. The Taiwan EPA will continue to research international trends of control and alternative technologies and assess alternative technologies and the economic feasibility for local industries in order to plan the advance steps of HCFCs reduction.


  2. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Annual HCFCs Preliminary Quota Allocations for 2011

    The Taiwan EPA finalized 2011's HCFCs preliminary quota allocations for importers and users on 25 October 2010. The 2011 national cap for HCFCs is 25% of the consumption baseline (638.156 ODP tonnes), which is 159.539 ODP tonnes. The government reserves 10% of annual cap which belongs to the competent authority for national emergency, military or national construction purposes. However, for encouraging the HCFCs users to recycle the HCFCs during their maintenance services, the reserved 10% cap will be considered as the additional quota allocation rewards for them from 2010. Due to the fact that there were no recycling case applications until the end of Octover 2010, 5% of annual cap has been preliminary released to importers in advance for the economic revival condition. However, the Taiwan EPA will keep encouraging the recycling of HCFCs and carefully review the actual market needs for next year. Then the Taiwan EPA may consider releasing the remaining 5% of annual cap in the next HCFCs final quota allocation meeting this coming April.


    This year, the calculation principle of quota allocation has been revised to the amount of actual use. It is different from using purchase amount as executive records to calculate the quota allocation before. In order to follow the decreasing trend of HCFCs quota allocation and avoid overstock condition may be happened within the applicants. The Taiwan EPA allocates the HCFCs by the actual using records as execution basis for 2011. The calculated user allocation quota will be 64,565 ODP Kg while the importer allocation quota will be 86,997 ODP Kg in 2011. The reserved quota is 7,977 ODP Kg to the competent authority; total quota allocation amount is 159,539 ODP Kg.


    There are two new applicants this year : the Sun-Great Technology Co. Ltd. and the Green Trend Technology Co. Ltd. Their applications have been reviewed and approved by the committee. Meanwhile, due to changes in the company ownership, the Vigour Technology Co. Ltd., and Well-For Technology Co., Ltd., are all disqualified to participating in quota allocation after qualifications reviewed. In 2011, the number of users will be 55; the number of importers will be 10.


    To comply with the policy of annual qouta allocation reduction and to ensure that equipment such as chillers and air-conditioners which are in working condition have fully supplied refrigerant for maintenance and operation purposes, the Taiwan EPA actively encourages people to recover or recycle refrigerants. In Article 11 of "Regulations for HCFCs Consumption Management (amended in August 2009)", it has been revised as the description of "the additional quota allocation is based on the verifiable recycling refrigerant amount in the previous calendar year. The importers or users shall be qualified to obtain additional quota credits after national quota allocation. And all qualified importers and users shall share the quota with a certain ratio". Although there were no applications until October 2010, a few applications had been made in November after the Taiwan EPA and the ITRI visited the companies, held symposiums and provided information inquiry. The Taiwan EPA also appealed to users to make their applications if they are qualified and need additional quota in the future.


  3. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocation of Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for the first-Half of 2011

    According to Articles 5 and 10 in the"Management Regulations of Methyl Bromide" in Taiwan, the importers and users shall apply to the central competent authority before the end of August every year for importation and use permits, using declarations of current calendar year estimations based on amounts used during the first-half year. The application flow chart is as follows:


    Fig.1 The application flow chart for the amount of importation and use of Methyl Bromide in QPS applications


    According to regulations, the Taiwan EPA convened with professionals on the Methyl Bromide quota allocations on 20 October 2010 with the applicants' declared application documents. The quota allocation principles are:


     

    1. The quota allocation for the first-half of year 2011 is based on the verified amount used in the same period in 2010. The exact quota shall be allocated by reviewing application document contents (including current stock conditions). If the quota applied for is lower than the amount of the same period the previous year, then the quota approved shall be the same as the amount requested on the application form.
    2. If fumigation certificates or application documents are either missing or incomplete, a 10% quota allocation reduction shall be considered for the application.

    The meeting not only reviewed the sale and purchase documents from importers and users, but also verified the fumigation certificates provided by users and statistics on amounts of Methyl Bromide used in QPS applications. After the meeting, the Taiwan EPA approved to allocate 29,556 kg of 100% w/t and 13,418.4 kg of 98% w/t Methyl Bromide for the first-half of 2011 applications.


    When the Taiwan EPA reviewed the declared data for the first-half of 2010, it was discovered that many applicants did not follow the requirements which were announced on 10 May 2010 to provide actual use records for each fumigation category. After being notified by the ITRI, applicants supplied the records to complete the application processes on time.


    Meanwhile, the Taiwan EPA appealed to all importers and users to declare data of importation, sales and actual use records on schedule, based on the Methyl Bromide management regulations in QPS. Users should record actual use amounts monthly by each fumigation category to satisfy with the investigation needs from the UNEP in the future and be a future policy reference in Taiwan.


  4. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Requests Halons Qualification Used in Aircraft Comply with New Regulations

    Halon agents perform outstandingly extinguishing flames in high altitudes and extreme low temperatures. Halon agents also have remarkable characteristics such as odorlessness, low toxicity, and lasting without replacing agents; therefore, they are widely applied in all extinguishing equipment before controlled. Especially in aircrafts, halons are the main extinguishing agents in existing aircrafts. The portable Halon 1211 is mostly deployed in passenger cabins; the Halon 1301 is mostly installed in cargo cabins. Because of Halons' ability to deplete the ozone layer, in the 4th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer , parties adopted to prohibit manufacturing Halons from 1 Jan. 1994. Thus, the Taiwan EPA also announced to prohibit Halon agents importation since 1994. We also announced to prohibit Halon extinguisher importation from 1 Jan. 2000 onwards. People who had existing Halon extringuishers or extinguished systems can keep using them.


    The ITRI established"The National Halon Management Center (NHMC)" in 2005 with the support of the Taiwan EPA to supply certain Halon uses in the military, national or public facilities and other uses such as aircrafts with recovered and reclaimed Halon agents. Due to shortage of Halon supply all around the world, few cases were found that Halon agents may mix with impure refrigerants and cause security issues in fire extinguishing systems. Therefore, the FAA issued a request for all aviation aircraft owners in April 2010 to re-test Halon agents in existing systems. The Halon 1211 must follow the regulations of MIL-DTL-38741A, and the Halon 1301 must follow the regulation of ASTM-5632-08 Type 1.


    Due to stricter requirements on purity of Halon agents for extiguishing systems on aviation aircrafts, the Halon bank recovered from abandoned extinguishing systems may not comply with the FAA standards after purification procedures. In order to assist the aviation companies for obtaining high purified Halons as demanded, the NHMC delivered one tonne of Halon agents without nitrogen to the RemTech in the USA for reclamation in November 2010. Afterwards, the NHMC of the ITRI is willing to eastablish related purifying technologies and testing abilities which may satisfy the requirements with quality of Halon to assist aviation companies for the future supplies of Halon agents.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute