1. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocations for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for Second Half of 2012

    Based on Articles 5 and 10 of the "Regulation for Management of Methyl Bromide" published by the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan (EPA) in 2003, the methyl bromide importers and users for QPS purposes shall apply to the central competent authority for the importation and use permits by the end of August each year, through claiming the estimated amount needed for the next first-half of the calendar year.


    According to the regulations, the Taiwan EPA convened with professionals on the methyl bromide quota allocations in May, 2012 with the applicant's declared documents. During the meeting, not only the sale and purchase documents from importers and users were reviewed, but the fumigation certificates, amounts of methyl bromide used and stock status were also discreetly reviewed and verified.Based on the reviewed results of the meeting, the Taiwan EPA subsequently finalized and approved to allocate 18,500 kg of 100% w/t and 10,525.5 kg of 98% w/t methyl bromide for applications in the second half of 2012. Comparing to the same period of the previous year, the 100% methyl bromide allocation was decreased by 6.55 metric tons,while the 98% methyl bromide allocation was decreased by 1.91 metric tons, respectively. The overall allocation amounts for 2012 are 41,700 kg of 100% w/t and 21,427 kg of 98% w/t methyl bromide.


    Meanwhile, the Taiwan EPA called on all importers and users of methyl bromide to declare their data for importation, sales and actual use on schedule, complying with the "Regulation for management of methyl bromide" for QPS purposes only. The users should record the actual amounts used monthly by each fumigation category in monthly log-books. It is also noted that users should avoid unnecessary methyl bromide fumigation if feasible alternatives are available. Pest control companies should also remind their clients to avoid the unnecessary methyl bromide fumigation conditions listed in the commercial contract with their overseas trading partners, in order to protect the global environment and ozone layer.


  2. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Annual Quota Allocation Process of HCFCs for 2012

    The Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan(EPA)finalized the 2012 HCFCs quota allocation for manufacturers and suppliers in April 2012. The 2012 national allocation for HCFCs is set at 159,539 ODP kilograms, totaling 25% of the consumption baseline, same as the mandate specified in the Montreal Protocol. Due to the revitalization and keeping a balance between supply and demand, the Taiwan EPA released governmental retention quota, not including an additional allocation deduction for industrial users which qualified as refrigerant recovery rewards, to distributing suppliers. The final allocations in 2012 were 75,678.83 ODP kg?including 357.65 ODP kg additionally allocation amount?allocated to 56 industrial users and 83,860.17 ODP kg to 10 distributing suppliers. Compared to the allocation trend, there are 19,306.93 ODP kg reductions for industrial users and 19,306.93ODP kg additions for distributing suppliers when compared to 2011.


    The reason of industrial users deduction amount in 2012 could be ascribed to the fact that the Taiwan EPA has prohibited the use of HCFC-22 refrigerant in manufacturing of window-type air-conditioners (including split air-conditioner) below 7.1 kw since 2011. Another reason is that all HCFCs quotas for servicing companies have had a strict cap limitation since 2012.


    HCFCs importers and users should complete the import procedures and get release permit by the end of December. Based on the"Regulation for Consumption Management of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons",companies allocated with HCFCs quota shall declare their actual use records to the Taiwan EPA by the end of the first month in the following season. HCFCs are only allowed to be used in specific applications based on the regulation mentioned above. The Taiwan EPA will keep visiting and auditing manufacturers prohibiting HCFCs uses in illegal applications this year. In case there is any violation, such as using HCFC-22 for manufacturing air-conditioners (including split air-conditioner) below 7.1kW, the violators will be penalized according to the "Air Pollution Control Act" .


  3. 2011 Statistics for HCFCs use in Taiwan

    The gross amount of HCFCs used in 2011, as declared by users, was 88,304 ODP kg. After review, refrigerant is the main application of HCFCs,? accounting for 87.8% of the total amount (77,512 ODP kg). PU foam blowing is the minor application, accounting for 12.2% (10,792 ODP kg). The summarized details are shown in Table 1. Although HCFC-141b has been banned for use in cleaning processes, 10 companies still use HCFC-225ca/cb (aka AK-225) for such purposes, accounting for 443.85 ODP kg.


    Regarding to the foam blowing use, since 2011, HCFC-141b has been banned in PU foam blowing. However, in 2011, two companies declared their HCFC-22 consumption for PS foam blowing, accounting for 10,792.46 ODP kg.


    Most HCFCs are consumed as refrigerants in Taiwan. In 2011 data, as declared by 53 users, HCFC-22 gets the largest share. The remaining refrigerant consumption is contributed by some HCFC-123 and few R-408A (a mixture refrigerant with R-22/R-143a/R-125 in 47%/46%/7%/,% by weight),according to the manufacturers declaration, 24,223.46 ODP kg of refrigerants were consumed for newly produced equipment (31% of total refrigerant use), and 2,771.28 ODP kg were consumed for newly constructed refrigeration and air conditioner systems in on-site facilities (4%), and 50,517.25 ODP kg for maintenance purposes(65%).


    Considering the control schedule for HCFCs, based on the timeframe of ODS reduction, the consumption level of HCFCs shall not exceed 10% of the calculated baseline consumption level for HCFCs in Taiwan by 2015. After 2020, annual consumption of HCFCs shall not exceed 0.5% of the baseline consumption level, and HCFCs use will be only limited to maintenance purposes for equipment that is still in operation. In sum, in 2011, the HCFCs consumption for maintenance purposes is 50,517 ODP kg and shared 8% of the calculated baseline consumption level. For provision of equipment still in operation in 2020, it will be an arduous challenge to fulfill maintenance demands especially since the granted allowance will be limited to 3,191 ODP kg at that time, especially if the scant HCFCs quota needs to be allocated to both suppliers and distributors. Therefore, to ease impacts of future HCFCs quota allocation tasks, the Taiwan EPA has improved the quota controls for maintenance purposes in HCFCs allocation review. In the future, the Taiwan EPA will also continue to provide information on HCFCs alternatives to industries, and establish appropriate refrigerant recycling and refilling processes for air conditioners and refrigeration systems to reduce HCFCs emissions.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute