1. Ozone Depleting Substance Consumption in Taiwan in 2011

    To comply with the Montreal Protocol and?avoid trade restrictions on ozone depleting substances (ODS) for local industries, since 1992, the Taiwan government has been reporting ODS consumption data to the Ozone Secretariat of UNEP.


    Taiwan has been abiding by the Montreal Protocol's control measures; its CFCs consumption was reduced to zero and HCFCs consumption has been reducing since 1996. The HCFCs consumption baseline was counted as 638.156 ODP tonnes in 1996 and reduced to 383 ODP tonnes in 2004. The HCFCs consumption in 2011 in Taiwan was 152.805 ODP tonnes, accounting for 25% of the HCFCs consumption baseline. It shows that Taiwan is still complying with the Montreal Protocol's control measures for developed countries. One of the methods for Taiwan to fulfill its reduction commitments under the Montreal Protocol is that the Taiwan EPA has executed the regulation for HCFCs to suspend certain specific uses step by step, including the ban of using HCFC-141b on PU foam blowing and electronics cleaning. And after 2010, the Taiwan government has banned the use of HCFC-22 as refrigerants for production of window-mounted air conditioners as well as the split type below 7.1 kW.


    The ODS consumption data in Taiwan shows the ODS producer in Taiwan ceased production of CFCs in 1996 and HCFCs in 2006. In 2011, the imported HCFCs consisted of 148.775 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22 and 5.020 ODP tonnes of HCFC-123. The exported HCFCs was 0.99 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22. Since 1999, methyl bromide has been allowed to be imported and used only for QPS purposes in Taiwan. In 2011, the imported methyl bromide was 30.7 ODP tonnes. Comparing to 2011, there was 2.4 ODP tonnes reductions in 2009 and 7.8 ODP tonnes in 2010, respectively. The reason for the decrease in methyl bromide importation is that the Taiwan EPA has executed the quota allocation control for methyl bromide and effectively promoted alternatives by the Taiwan Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan (COA) and EPA.


  2. Taiwan EPA Conducts Annual Preliminary HCFCs Quota Allocation for 2013

    The Taiwan EPA conducted the 2013 HCFCs preliminary quota allocation for users and suppliers on October 25, 2012. The limited allocation for HCFCs in 2013 is set at 159,539 ODP kilograms, which is 25% of the national consumption baseline. The Taiwan government shall reserve 10% of annual limited allocation for public construction works, national defense, or emergency purposes. However, the Ministry of National Defense would obtain HCFCs for maintenance and service through tender purchasing processes, and emergency use has not occurred over the years. Considering incentives for recovery of HCFCs, economic recovery and strict management regulations of HCFCs, in recent years the 10% allocation amount retained by the government was released in two stages to avoid imbalances between supply and demand in the refrigerant market. The first stage allocated 5% to industrial users, and the remaining reserved 5% will be assigned to priority users who applied for additional allocations, in order to encourage recovery and recycling of HCFCs. After that, the remainder of the quota will be allocated to qualified suppliers for 2013.


    In 2011, the basis for HCFCs quota allocation was changed to actual usage amounts rather than the purchase volume for the entity in the previous year. Therefore, the 2013 HCFCs preliminary allocation review continues to follow the same principle. Meanwhile, the committee also determined the principle of no increase in allocation for any maintenance purposes in a review meeting. The preliminary allocations in 2013 were 76,547.7798 ODP kg allocated to 56 industrial users and 76,547.7798 ODP kg to 10 distributing suppliers and 7,976.95 ODP kg reserved to the government. The shares between distributing suppliers and industrial users are 51% and 49%, respectively. This is the first time that distributing suppliers have a larger allocation share than industrial users. The possible reason may be ascribed to new AC manufacturers gradually converting to alternative refrigerants.


    Based on Article 8 of the "HCFCs Consumption Management Regulations," the central competent authority shall cancel the quota allocation qualification of any entity whose actual consumption of HCFCs is zero for two consecutive years. Therefore, the EPA will revoke the qualification if verified that the entity's actual consumption of HCFCs is zero in the second half of 2012.


    Based on Articles 12 of the "HCFCs Consumption Management Regulations," no entity can transfer its previous half-year's unused allocation to next the term's allocation in the same year. However, in case of unforeseen conditions needing additional requests in the first half year, the entity may bring forward its allocation from the upcoming half-year after approval from the Taiwan EPA. Thus, the entities should consider carefully the purchase amount for each term, especially the first half of 2013, to avoid stock shortages.


  3. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocations for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for First Half of 2013

    Based on Articles 5 and 10 of the "Regulation for Management of Methyl Bromide" published by the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan?EPA? in 2003, methyl bromide importers and users for QPS purposes shall apply to the central competent authority for the first half year's permits in 2013 by the end of August, by providing the estimated amount needed and related documents.


    The Taiwan EPA convened with experts on the methyl bromide quota allocations in November, 2012. During the meeting, not only were the sale and purchase documents from importers and users reviewed, but the fumigation certificates, amounts of methyl bromide used and stock status were also closely reviewed and verified. Based on the reviewed results, the Taiwan EPA subsequently finalized and approved to allocate 23,500 kg of 100% w/t and 10,198.6 kg of 98% w/t methyl bromide for applications in the first half of 2013. Comparing to the same period of the previous year, the 100% methyl bromide allocation was slightly increased by 300 the kilograms. However, the users reduced purchase amount around 2.8 tonnes in the first half of 2012. Thus, the 98% methyl bromide allocation for the first half of 2013 was slightly decreased by 702.9 kilograms to reflect slow market condition.


    Meanwhile, the Taiwan EPA called on all importers and users of methyl bromide to declare their data for importation, sales and actual use on schedule, complying with the "Regulation for Management of Methyl Bromide" for QPS purposes only. The users should record the actual amounts used monthly by each fumigation category in monthly log-books. It is also noted that users should avoid unnecessary methyl bromide fumigation if feasible alternatives are available. Pest control companies should also remind their clients to avoid the unnecessary methyl bromide fumigation conditions listed in the commercial contract with their overseas trading partners, in order to protect the global environment and ozone layer.


  4. Taiwan EPA Holds a Ceremony of Multimedia Presentation Contest to Celebrate World Ozone Day

    In order to enhance public awareness of ozone layer protection as well as celebrate the 25th World Ozone Day, the Taiwan EPA held a multimedia presentation contest in 2012. The contest not only presented Taiwan's commitment to implementing control measures and policies for ozone depleting substances (ODS), but also helped people gain a better understanding of how the ozone layer is depleted and what actions to take protection of the ozone layer protection in their daily lives. In the contest, selected ozone layer protection information is required as design material. Although 75 contestants completed registration process, only 26 contestants delivered their works on time. In the first and second round, five reviewers, all experts from the design and environmental fields, chose eight contestants' works including three for final contest and five for excellent works. Due to contestants' diligence, each work was presented in a lively manner to fully promote the scientific knowledge behind ozone layer protection.


    The Taiwan EPA held a ceremony activity in Eslite Bookstore in Taipei on September 16. After Eudemonism Chamber Orchestra's opening live performance, the top three contestants were invited to attend the final contest and gave their presentation on site. The climax of the contest was a vote conducted on site by all ceremony participants. The final results of Multimedia Presentation Contest are: The first prize went to Mr. Simon Liu, who won NT$ 30,000 and a LED-TV, with his work "The long drawn out sound of the sky inspires my deep and profound thinking". His creative idea is combining facts and imagination in this presentation as the best way to protect the ozone layer. The second prize went to Ms. Pei-Qian Tsai, who won NT$ 18,000, with her work "Love makes earth smile". Despite being a young student, she wished all who view these presentation slides can find a simple way to love our own Earth through her simple drawings. The third prize went to Mr. Che-Hsin Wu, who won NT$ 9,000, with his work "The smiling earth, the smiling life". His work uses cute slides to promote scientific knowledge which leads most viewers to have a better understanding as well as some fun. In addition to the three final contests, five excellence award winners' entries were also in the ceremony. Their contents included various presentation styles, such as signing the Smiling Convention to protecting the Earth, adding interactive games, being a good friend of the Earth, designing virtual apps for mobile phones, and designing a cartoon story, etc. Three winners of an on-line vote lucky drawing, who won NT$ 1,000 each, were also chosen. All participants had a good time in the ceremony activities. Mr. Tein-Rui Hsieh, Director General of the Department of Air Quality Protection & Noise Control of the Taiwan EPA, encouraged youngsters and others through this contest to gain more knowledge in ozone layer protection, establish environmental protection concepts, and influence more people to join the ranks and protect our living environment.


 

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Directed by ︰epa Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C. ( Taiwan )
Edited by ︰itri Industrial Technology Research Institute