1. 2013 Statistics for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications in Taiwan

    In Taiwan, when applying to the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan (EPA) for methyl bromide quota allocations in quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) uses, the organizations, firms or factories shall also report the categories and amount of the fumigated products.

    According to the declaration documents from the users, the total methyl bromide amount used for QPS purposes in 2013 was 43,546 kilograms, which was 1,043 kilograms less than in 2012. Around 55% of the total methyl bromide amount, or 23,950 kilograms, were used for quarantine. The rest 45% (19,597kg) were used for mainly pre-shipment purposes. This is the first time that the annual used amount of methyl bromide for quarantine is larger than the amount for pre-shipment. The statistics of historical methyl bromide in QPS applications is shown in Figure 1. It shows a cause-and-effect relationship between the imports and usage amounts. When the amount of used methyl bromide is more than it is imported, the importers supply the users with the methyl bromide kept in stock. This prevents possible methyl bromide emissions from rusted cans due to long storage.


    Figure 1. Statistics of historical methyl bromide in QPS applications

    In analyzing the amount of methyl bromide used by the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ), the main application was on imported fruits and vegetables, which comprised 8,861.5 kilograms (37%). The second major application was found on imported wood and products made of wood, which comprised 4,550.5 kilograms (19%). On the other hand, the major amount used by the firms and factories were for exported wooden packing (accounting for 68% of the total using amount of firms). The second is for imported wood and products made of wood (around 20%); and the third is for other exported items.

    Meanwhile, the Taiwan EPA called on all importers and users of methyl bromide to avoid using methyl bromide fumigation when there are alternatives available, such as formalin, phosphine, steaming or heat treatment, in order to protect the ozone layer.

  2. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Annual Quota Allocations of HCFCs for 2014

    The Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan (EPA) called a meeting in April 2014 and finalized the 2014 HCFCs quota allocation for manufacturers and importers. According to the “Regulation for Consumption Management of HCFCs” (HCFCs regulation), the limited allocations for HCFCs in 2014 is set at 159,539 ODP kilograms, which is 25% of the national consumption baseline, the same as the mandate specified in the Montreal Protocol.  

    The Taiwan government shall reserve 10% (around 15,954 ODP kg) of the annual limited allocation for public construction works, national defense, or emergency purposes. However, some HCFCs quota had not been filled for users and importers in Taiwan due to delay of the shipment that had finished the import process under customs control earlier this year (2014) through holding their year’s (2013) allowances, but the amount will be included in this year’s (2014) national HCFCs consumption. Because the delay of importing is not due to force majeure, the amount will be deducted from the year’s allocation quota of those users and importers. If it is insufficient, the reserved national allocation will be released in response. In order to avoid similar situations, the Taiwan EPA called on all importers and users to finish the purchasing and shipping process, and complete the clearance of imports as early as possible.

    In 2014’s allocation process, the Taiwan EPA canceled the qualifications of seven entities based on Article 8 of HCFCs regulation for their zero consumption in the past two consecutive years. These seven users will not be allocated with HCFCs in 2014, and shall apply to the EPA for allocation qualifications again when the need arises in the future.  

    According to the actual allocation results in 2014, the government reserves 181.2750 ODP kg; and 70,841.6958 ODP kg (including 223.07 ODP kg additionally) are allocated to 46 users; and 88,516.0292 ODP kg are allocated to distributing suppliers. The shares between industrial users and importers are 44% and 56%, respectively. Comparing to the allocation results in 2013, the allocated amounts are 4,155 ODP kg more for the importers and 4,336 ODP kg less for the users this year. The reason is mainly that the users have gradually switched to alternative refrigerants such as R-410A, R-407C, and R-134a in response to the HCFCs phase-out target outline in the Montreal Protocol: phase-out 90% of the consumption baseline in 2015.

    All HCFCs importers and users should complete the import procedures and get shipment release from the customs authorities by the end of December 2014. According to Article 16 of the "Regulation for Consumption Management of HCFCs", companies allocated with HCFCs quota shall declare their actual use records to the Taiwan EPA by the end of the first month in the following season, namely: January, April, July and October. HCFCs are only allowed to be used in specific applications based on the HCFCs regulation. The Taiwan EPA will keep visiting and auditing the users, prohibiting illegal applications of HCFCs. Any violation or evidence of false or misleading information may attract penalties between NT$100,000 and NT$1,000,000 under the Air Pollution Control Act.

  3. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocations for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for Second Half of 2014

    Based on Articles 5 and 10 of the "Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide" published by the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan (EPA) in 2003, methyl bromide importers and users for QPS purposes shall apply to the central competent authority for the second half year's permits in 2014 by the end of February, by providing the estimated amount needed and related documents.


    The Taiwan EPA convened with experts on the methyl bromide quota allocations on May 13th, 2014. During the meeting, not only were the sale and purchase documents from importers and users reviewed, but the fumigation certificates, amounts of methyl bromide used and stock status were also closely reviewed and verified. Based on the reviewed results, the Taiwan EPA subsequently finalized and approved to allocate 19,500.0 kg of 100% w/t and 7,791.3 kg of 98% w/t methyl bromide for applications in the second half of 2014. Figure 1 shows the historical quota allocations for methyl bromide in QPS applications in Taiwan.


    Figure 1. Historical quota allocations for methyl bromide in QPS use


    Methyl bromide is one of the ozone-depleting substances regulated by the EPA, and the Montreal Protocol defines the pre-shipment applications as those non-quarantine applications applied within 21 days prior to export to meet the official requirements of the importing country or existing official requirements of the exporting country. Official requirements are those which are performed by, or authorized by, a national plant, animal, environmental, health or stored product authority. Hence, the Taiwan EPA called on all importers and users of methyl bromide to declare their data for importation, sales and actual use on schedule, complying with the "Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide" for QPS purposes only. The users should record the actual amounts used monthly by each fumigation category in monthly log-books, and also list the names, packing materials, container number and size, the concentration and temperature of the fumigation process for the products that are fumigated. It is also noted that users should avoid unnecessary methyl bromide fumigation if feasible alternatives are available. In addition, workers should pay attention to the safety at the time of fumigation or when the container doors open.