1. Ozone Depleting Substance Consumption in Taiwan in 2016

    Adhering to the Montreal Protocol, Taiwan’s government has been reporting ODS consumption data to the Ozone Secretariat of UNEP since 1992. According to Taiwan’s ODS consumption record, CFCs consumption has been reduced to zero and HCFCs consumption has been decreasing since 1996. The HCFCs consumption baseline was counted as 638.156 ODP tonnes in 1996. The HCFCs consumption was reduced to 65% of the HCFCs consumption baseline (382.51 ODP tonnes) in 2004 and 25% (152.56 ODP tonnes) in 2010, respectively. As Taiwan abides by the Montreal Protocol's control measures, the HCFCs consumption in 2016 was reduced to 63.649 ODP tonnes, accounting for 10% of the HCFCs consumption baseline.

    Taiwan fulfills its own reduction commitments based on the Montreal Protocol through executing the HCFCs regulations and suspending specific applications for using HCFCs step by step, including the ban of using HCFC-141b on electronics cleaning and foam blowing, the use of HCFC-22 as refrigerants for producing air conditioners and refrigeration after 2016, only using HCFC-123 in producing centrifugal chillers and using HCFCs in maintenance of existing air conditioners and refrigeration, the use of HCFCs as solvent cleaning or refrigerants for producing air conditioners and refrigeration after 2020.

    Producers of ODS in Taiwan ceased the production of CFCs in 1996 and that of HCFCs in 2006. In 2016, the imported HCFCs consisted of 61.582 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22, 2.26 ODP tonnes of HCFC-123, and 0.421 ODP tonnes of HCFC-142b. Exported HCFCs consisted of 0.22 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22. The historical data of HCFCs consumption is shown in Figure 1.

    Methyl bromide has only been allowed to be imported for QPS purposes in Taiwan since 1999. In 2016, the amount of imported methyl bromide was 24.45 ODP tonnes. The decrease in methyl bromide importation was due to the Taiwan EPA’s implementation of the quota allowance.The importation data of methyl bromide is shown in Figure 2.

     

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    Figure 1. HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

     

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    Figure 2. Methyl Bromide importation in Taiwan


  2. The Taiwan EPA Finalizes Preliminary HCFCs Quota Allocations for 2018

    The Taiwan EPA called a meeting on October 12, 2017 and finalized the preliminary HCFCs quota allocations for 2018. The results were delivered to all users and importers later via official letters issued on October 31. According to the “Regulations for Management of HCFCs Consumption” (HCFCs regulations) amended in 2014, the limited allocations for HCFCs each year from 2015-2019 is set at 63,816 ODP kilograms, which is 10% of the national consumption baseline (638,156 ODP kg).

    As specified in Article 9, the government can set a reserve 10% for military and other national emergencies before allocating the quotas to users and importers. At this time, the government released all the reserve for allocating to HCFCs suppliers. The quotas for each user and supplier was calculated according to the declared actual use amount and reviewed in the light of the examining principles adopted by the committee.

    In 2018, the number of qualified users were reduced from 32 to 29, among which 6 users were not allocated, 1 users were pending. In total, 26,520 ODP kg were allocated to the 22 users and 31,577 ODP kg were allocated to 10 distributing suppliers. To ensure that the demands by refrigeration and air-conditioning production, maintenance and service are satisfied, the HCFCs have been prior allocated to the users over the years. In 2018, the quotas for users was 5.3 ODP tonnes less than it was in 2017, because the number of RAC equipment or systems using HCFCs-refrigerants are reducing. Hence the drop in where the needs of HCFCs for maintenance. The 2.8 ODP tonnes therefore transferred to the suppliers, causing the allocated amount to increase.

    The allocations for 2018 have been completed. Users and suppliers should comply with the HCFCs regulations and import the HCFCs before June 30, 2018 according to the amount and type approved by the EPA. In accordance with Article 6, Paragraph 1, Subparagraph 3, Item 2 of the HCFCs regulations, using HCFC-22 as refrigerant in manufacturing new RAC products and new construction facilities is prohibited. In addition, the EPA once again reminds users and suppliers that according to the law, the quotas may not be resold or re-engaged in any distribution business. Meanwhile, HCFCs users should declare the information (amounts and purposes) on the actual uses before the end of every season for the next quota allocation review. Document of preliminary HCFCs quota allocations for 2018 and handbook of HCFCs Quota Allocations are available at the following link:http://ozone.epa.gov.tw/

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  3. The Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocations for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for the First Half of 2018

    According to the regulatory norms of the Montreal Protocol, the consumption amount of methyl bromide has been reduced to zero as of 2005 in developed countries, and as of 2015 in developing countries. However, the amount of methyl bromide used for quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) is not included in the calculation of consumption. At present, most countries can still produce and import methyl bromide for QPS purposes except the members of the EU which stopped the use of methyl bromide for QPS on March 18, 2010.

    In response to international regulatory requirements and Articles 5 and 10 of the Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide published by the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan (EPA) in 2003, methyl bromide importers and users shall apply to the EPA for permits for QPS purposes for the second half of the year by the end of February, and provide the approved uses data, apply estimated need amount and accompany related documents.

    The EPA convened with experts on November 16, 2017 to review and examine those documents from applicants for issuing uses and import permit of methyl bromide. The issued permit were calculated according to the actual use amount in the first half of 2017 declared by the users, as well as examining principles including the validity of fumigation certificates, uses data, export processing documents, validity of container size. And Methyl bromide QPS allocation principle include if the application amount is lower than the used amount, the application amount will be issued, if the used amount is lower than the stock, none will be issued, if the user did not use it in that period, none will be issued.

    At this time, the EPA approved to issue a total of 34,954.6 kg for applicants for the first half of 2018, including 4,854.6 kg of 98% w/t and 30,100 kg of 100% w/t methyl bromide. There is a growth of 30,075 kg comparing to the total issued amount at the previous time, it is because of zero application for the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) and Taipei Port Container Terminal Corp (TPCT) in 2017. Figure 1 shows the historical issued permits of methyl bromide for QPS in Taiwan.

     

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    *H1: first half of year, H2: second half of year

    Figure 1. Historical quota allocations for methyl bromide in QPS applications

    In order to better understand methyl bromide usage information, the EPA requests all importers and users to truthfully fill out "The Table of Methyl Bromide Use Record," so the contact details of related clients listed in the table can therefore be reviewed by the EPA at the next declaration and permit application. In addition, the EPA called on all importers and users of methyl bromide to use methyl bromide sparingly and use other alternatives as much as possible.