1. The Taiwan EPA Finalizes HCFCs Quota Allocations for 2018

    The Taiwan EPA called a meeting on April 18, 2018 and finalized the HCFCs quota allocations for 2018. The results were later delivered to all users and importers via official letters issued on April 27.

    According to the “Regulations for Management of HCFCs Consumption” amended in 2017, the limited allocations for HCFCs each year from 2015-2019 is set at 63,816 ODP kg, which is 10% of the national consumption baseline (638,156 ODP kg). As specified in Article 9, the government can set a reserve 10% for military and other national emergencies before allocating the quotas to users and importers. Based on HCFCs regulation policies and market demands, this year the government reserved 5% (3,191 ODP kg) as national reservation. In addition, there are two users’ quotas (5,097 ODP kg) reserved because they still need be verified. The quotas for each user and supplier was calculated according to the declared actual use amount and reviewed in light of the examining principles adopted by the committee.

    According to the actual allocation results in 2018, the number of qualified users was reduced from 32 to 23, among which 3 users’ quota are zero. In total, 19,922 ODP kg were allocated to the 20 users and 35,606 ODP kg were allocated to 10 suppliers. This year the users accounted for 31% and the suppliers accounted for 56%. The historical HCFCs quota allocations are shown in Figure 1.

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    Figure 1. Historical HCFCs quota allocations

    The allocations for 2018 have been completed. Users and suppliers should apply for an importing license through the “import and export electronic visa system for chemicals controlled by the Montreal Protocol”(https://mop.epa.gov.tw/)and import before December 31, 2018. The document on HCFCs quota allocations for 2018 and the handbook on HCFCs Quota Allocations are available at the following link:http://ozone.epa.gov.tw/


  2. The Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocations for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for the Second Half of 2018

    According to the regulatory norms of the Montreal Protocol, the consumption amount of methyl bromide has been reduced to zero as of 2005 in developed countries, and as of 2015 in developing countries. However, the amount of methyl bromide used for quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) is not included in the consumption amount. At present, most countries can still produce and import methyl bromide for QPS purposes, except members of the EU, which stopped the use of methyl bromide for QPS on March 18, 2010.

    In response to international regulatory requirements, the Taiwan EPA published its “Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide” (methyl bromide regulations) in 2003 to control QPS applications and the import of methyl bromide. Based on Articles 5 and 10 of the methyl bromide regulations, importers and users for QPS purposes shall apply to the central competent authority for importation and use their permits by the end of February each year, through claiming the estimated amount needed for the second half of the calendar year. The same process shall be repeated by the end of each August for the first half of the following calendar year, with related documents attached.

    The EPA convened with experts on May 16, 2018 to review and examine documents from applicants related to issuing methyl bromide use and import permits. The issued permits were calculated based on the use amount in the same period of the previous year. First of all, the declared stock amount was deducted and then a reduction of up to 10% was applied for each discrepancy found by auditors. According to the results for the second half of 2018, there are 24,941 kg of 98% methyl bromide allocated for ten users and 30,100 kg of 100% methyl bromide allocated for the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) and Taipei Port Container Terminal Cooperation (TPCT). The historical quota allocations for 98% methyl bromide in QPS applications are shown in Figure 1.

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    Figure 1. Historical quota allocations for 98% methyl bromide in QPS applications

    The allocations of methyl bromide in QPS applications for 2018 have been completed. Users and suppliers should apply for an importing license through the “import and export electronic visa system for chemicals controlled by the Montreal Protocol”(https://mop.epa.gov.tw/)and import before December 31, 2018. In addition, all importers and users shall accurately fill out "The Table of Methyl Bromide Use Record" with other application documents. The Taiwan EPA again reminds users to prevent occupational accidents and protect workers’ safety and health.

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  3. Analysis of HCFCs Quota Allocations in 2017 and their Use in Taiwan

    The HCFCs quota allocations limit in 2017 was set at 63,816 ODP kg, which was 10% of the national consumption baseline. The Taiwan EPA allocated HCFCs quotas for 42 companies, of which 32,233.8871 ODP kg were allocated to 32 users and 31,581.7129 ODP kg were allocated to 10 suppliers.

    According to the declared data from the 32 users in 2017, the total HCFCs used was 30,330 ODP kg which was about 3,713 ODP kg less than in 2016. HCFCs as refrigerants are the major application in Taiwan, including HCFC-22, HCFC-123 and HCFC-142b. Moreover, uses for repair and maintenance accounted for 28,679 ODP kg, which was approximately 94.56 %. Central air conditioner production used 1,611 ODP kg, which was 5.31 %. Followed by pressure switch production used 40 ODP kg, which accounted for 0.13 %.

    Table 1. HCFCs use in 2017

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    The distribution of HCFCs for repair and maintenance in 2017 is shown in Figure 1. Refrigeration in fishing boats comprised the highest percentage and the total used was 12,175 ODP kg, which was approximately 43 %. The second was 7,977 ODP kg for refrigeration, or 28 %. Followed by central air conditioning and chillers at 21 %.

     

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    Figure 1. 2017 HCFCs application distributions of allocated companies