1. Ozone Depleting Substance Consumption in Taiwan in 2017

    Adhering to the Montreal Protocol, Taiwan’s government has been calculating and reporting ODS consumption data since 1992. According to Taiwan’s ODS consumption record, CFCs consumption has been reduced to zero and HCFCs consumption has been decreasing since 1996. The HCFCs consumption baseline was counted as 638.156 ODP tonnes in 1996. The HCFCs consumption was reduced to 65% of the HCFCs consumption baseline (382.51 ODP tonnes) in 2004 and 25% (152.56 ODP tonnes) in 2010, and 10% (63.8156 ODP tonnes) in 2015, respectively. As Taiwan abides by the Montreal Protocol's control measures, the HCFCs consumption in 2017 was reduced to 62.846 ODP tonnes, less than it was in 2016.

    Taiwan fulfills its own reduction commitments based on the Montreal Protocol through executing the HCFCs regulations and suspending specific applications for using HCFCs step by step, including the ban of using HCFCs on spray propellant and foam blowing, the use of HCFC-141b on solvent cleaning, the use of HCFC-22 as refrigerants for air conditioners and refrigeration. Currently, the largest share of HCFCs use is using HCFC-123 in producing centrifugal chillers and using HCFCs in maintenance of existing air conditioners and refrigeration.

    Producers of ODS in Taiwan ceased the production of CFCs in 1996 and that of HCFCs in 2006. In 2017, the imported HCFCs consisted of 61.177 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22, 2.08 ODP tonnes of HCFC-123, and 0.03 ODP tonnes of HCFC-124. Exported HCFCs consisted of 0.44 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22. The historical data of HCFCs consumption is shown in Figure 1.

    Methyl bromide has only been allowed to be imported for QPS purposes in Taiwan since 1999. In 2017, the amount of imported methyl bromide was 21.49 ODP tonnes, less than it was in 2016. The importation data of methyl bromide is shown in Figure 2.

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    Figure 1. HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

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    Figure 2. Methyl bromide importation in Taiwan

     

     


  2. The Taiwan EPA Finalizes Preliminary HCFCs Quota Allocations for 2019

    The Taiwan EPA called a meeting on October 23, 2018 and finalized the preliminary HCFCs quota allocations for 2019. The results were delivered to all users and importers. According to the “Regulations for Management of HCFCs Consumption” (HCFCs regulations) amended in 2017, the limited allocations for HCFCs each year from 2015-2019 is set at 63,816 ODP kg, which is 10% of the national consumption baseline (63,815.6 ODP kg).

    As specified in Article 9, the government can set a 10% reserve for the military and other national emergencies before allocating the quotas to users and importers. Consider domestic demand, the government released 5% of the reserve for allocating to HCFCs suppliers. The quotas for each user and supplier was calculated according to the declared actual use amount and reviewed in the light of the examining principles adopted by the review committee.

    To ensure that the demands for refrigeration and air-conditioning production, maintenance and service are satisfied, the HCFCs have been prior allocated to the users over the years. Preliminary HCFCs quota allocations for 2019 is shown in table 1. In total, 11,767.5451 ODP kg were allocated to 18 users and 48,857.2749 ODP kg were allocated to 10 distributing suppliers. Total preliminary HCFCs quota for 2019 is 60,624.82 ODP kg.

    Table1. Preliminary HCFCs quota allocations for 2019

    2017HCFCs 1

    The preliminary allocations for 2019 have been completed. Users and suppliers should comply with the HCFCs regulations and import the HCFCs according to the amount and type approved by the EPA. Before import, one should apply for an import license through the “import and export electronic visa system for chemicals controlled by the Montreal Protocol”(https://mop.epa.gov.tw/). For the first half of 2019, 6,003.7896 ODP kg were allocated to 18 users and 23,653.0826 ODP kg were allocated to 10 distributing suppliers. Users and suppliers should import before June 30, 2019. In addition, the Taiwan EPA expects to allow users and suppliers to declare actual HCFCs use amount online starting January 1, 2019.

    According to the “Air Pollution Control Act” amended in August 1, 2018, the penalty has been raised. Violation of HCFCs regulations, operating permits may be cancelled or business terminated. If users or suppliers give false declaration, they will be penalized based on the “Air Pollution Control Act” and “Business Entity Accounting Act”. In addition, the Taiwan EPA once again reminds users and suppliers that according to the law, the quotas may not be resold or re-engaged in any distribution business.

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  3. 2017 Statistics for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications in Taiwan

    According to Articles 5 and 10 of the “Methyl Bromide Management Regulations” promulgated in 2003, when users apply to the Taiwan EPA for permission to use methyl bromide in quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) applications, they shall also report the categories of the fumigated products and amounts to be used.

    Since Taiwan does not produce methyl bromide, importing it is the only way to satisfy the domestic demands. The imports in 2017 were mainly from China and the United States of America. The total methyl bromide amount used for QPS applications in 2017 was 35,714 kg, which was less than 2016. The statistics of imports and sales amounts over the past years are shown in Figure 1. It shows a cause-and-effect relationship between the imports and sales amounts. When the amount of used methyl bromide is more than that of the imported, it indicates that importers used supplies from their stock. This prevents emissions from rusted cans due to long storage and the humid weather in Taiwan.

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    Figure 1. The historical data of methyl bromide imports and sales amounts

    In analyzing the amount of methyl bromide used by the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) in 2017, the main application was for imported fruits and vegetables, which comprised 46.58%. The second major application was for imported timber and wooden products, which comprised 20.35%. And the third is for exported wood and products made of wood. On the other hand, the major amount used by private firms and factories were for exported wooden packing, which accounted for 48% of the total amount used by firms. The second was for exported personal items, which comprised 23.5%. The third was for exported wood and products made of wood, and the fourth was for exported wood and products made of wood, each comprised around 17.8%. The details are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3.

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    Figure 2. Distribution of methyl bromide used by BAPHIQ in 2017

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    Figure 3. Distribution of methyl bromide used by private firms and factories in 2017

    The total methyl bromide amount used for QPS applications in 2017 was 39,560 kg. Around 75% of the total methyl bromide amount or 29,789 kg were used for quarantine, which was 2,914 kg more than 2016. The other 25% (9,771 kg) were used for mainly pre-shipment purposes, which was 1,298 kg less than 2016. The statistics of historical methyl bromide use in QPS applications is shown in Figure 4.

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    Figure 4. Statistics of historical methyl bromide use in QPS applications