1. Taiwan EPA Finalizes HCFCs Quota Allocations for 2019

    The Taiwan EPA called a meeting on April 25, 2019 and finalized the HCFCs quota allocations for 2019. The results were later delivered to all users and importers via official letters issued on May 8.

    According to the Regulations for Management of HCFCs Consumption, the limited allocations for HCFCs each year from 2015-2019 is set at 63,816 ODP kg, which is 10% of the national consumption baseline (638,156 ODP kg). As specified in Article 9, the government can set a reserve 10% for military and other national emergencies before allocating the quotas to users and importers. Over the years there has been no emergency demand, thus all the national reservation has been released to the supplier. The quotas for each user and supplier was calculated according to the declared actual use amount and reviewed in light of the examining principles adopted by the committee.

    According to the actual allocation results in 2019, the number of qualified users was reduced from 23 to 18. In total, 9,787 ODP kg were allocated to the 18 users, and 34,028 ODP kg were allocated to 10 suppliers. This year the users accounted for 15% and the suppliers accounted for 85%. The historical HCFCs quota allocations are shown in Figure 1.

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    Figure 1. Historical HCFCs quota allocations

    According to the actual allocation results in 2019, the number of qualified users was reduced from 23 to 18. In total, 9,787 ODP kg were allocated to the 18 users, and 34,028 ODP kg were allocated to 10 suppliers. This year the users accounted for 15% and the suppliers accounted for 85%. The historical HCFCs quota allocations are shown in Figure 1.

     


  2. Taiwan EPA Finalizes Quota Allocations for Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications for the Second Half of 2019

    According to the regulatory norms of the Montreal Protocol, the consumption amount of methyl bromide had been reduced to zero as of 2005 in developed countries, and as of 2015 in developing countries. However, the amount of methyl bromide used for quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) is not included in the consumption amount. At present, most countries can still produce and import methyl bromide for QPS purposes, except members of the EU, which stopped the use of methyl bromide for QPS on March 18, 2010.

    In response to international regulatory requirements, the Taiwan EPA published its Regulations for Management of Methyl Bromide (methyl bromide regulations) in 2003 to control QPS applications and the import of methyl bromide. Based on Articles 5 and 10 of the methyl bromide regulations, importers and users for QPS purposes shall apply to the central competent authority for importation and use their permits by the end of February each year, by estimating the amount needed for the second half of the calendar year. The same process shall be carried out by the end of each August for the first half of the following calendar year, with related documents attached.

    The EPA convened with experts on May 16, 2019 to review and examine documents from applicants related to issuing methyl bromide use and import permits. The issued permits were calculated based on the amount of application quantity, usage and reasonable inventory (10% of usage) in the same period of the previous year, and then a reduction of up to 10% was applied for each discrepancy found by auditors. According to the results for the second half of 2019, there are 3,992.7 kg of 98% methyl bromide allocated for ten users and 20,000 kg of 100% methyl bromide allocated for the Taichung Branch and Kaohsiung Branch, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ). The historical quota allocations for 98% methyl bromide in QPS applications are shown in Figure 1.

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    Figure 1. Historical quota allocations for 98% methyl bromide in QPS applications

    All import and use permits of methyl bromide are for QPS applications. The allocations quotas in the second half of 2019 should be imported before December 31, 2019. Users and suppliers should apply for an importing license through the “import and export electronic visa system for chemicals controlled by the Montreal Protocol” (https://mop.epa.gov.tw/). In addition, in order to increase the accuracy of declared data, the EPA opened an online declaration system on January 1, 2019 to simplify the application process. Please download the application documents from the online declaration system. The Taiwan EPA again reminds users to prevent occupational accidents, protect workers’ safety and health, avoid using methyl bromide for fumigation, but give priority to other alternatives.

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  3. Analysis of HCFCs Quota Allocations in 2018 and Their Use in Taiwan

    The HCFCs quota allocations limit in 2018 was set at 63,815.6 ODP kg, which was 10% of the national consumption baseline. The Taiwan EPA allocated HCFCs quotas for 33 companies, of which 19,921.8535 ODP kg were allocated to 23 users and 43,893.7465 ODP kg were allocated to 10 suppliers.

    According to the declared data from the users, the total HCFCs used was 10,453 ODP kg, which was about 20,000 ODP kg less than in 2017. HCFCs as refrigerants are the major application in Taiwan, including HCFC-22, HCFC-123 and HCFC-142b. Moreover, uses for repair and maintenance accounted for 8,771 ODP kg, which was approximately 83.91%. Central air conditioner production used 1,653 ODP kg, which was 15.82%, and pressure switch production used 28 ODP kg, which accounted for 0.27%.

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    Figure 1. HCFCs use in 2018

    The distribution of HCFCs for repair and maintenance in 2018 is shown in Figure 1. Refrigeration in fishing boats comprised the highest percentage and the total use was 3,761 ODP kg, which was approximately 43%. The second was 2,552 ODP kg for refrigeration, or 29 %. Followed by central air conditioning which was 1,430 ODP kg, approximately 16 %.

     

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    Figure 1. 2018 HCFCs application distributions of allocated companies