1. Ozone-Depleting Substance Consumption in Taiwan in 2018

    Adhering to the Montreal Protocol, the Taiwan government has been calculating and reporting ODS consumption data since 1992. According to Taiwan’s ODS consumption record, CFCs consumption has been reduced to zero and HCFCs consumption has been decreasing since 1996. The HCFCs consumption baseline was counted and set at 638.156 ODP tonnes in 1996. The HCFCs consumption was reduced to 65% of the HCFCs consumption baseline (382.51 ODP tonnes) in 2004 and 25% (152.56 ODP tonnes) in 2010, and 10% (63.8156 ODP tonnes) in 2015, respectively. As Taiwan abides by the Montreal Protocol's control measures, the HCFCs consumption in 2018 was reduced to 63.799 ODP tonnes, 0.953 ODP metric tons more than it was in 2017. The consumption is still kept below the control measure’s limit 10% of the baseline. The historical data of HCFCs consumption is shown in Figure 1.

    Taiwan endeavors to fulfill its own reduction commitments based on the Montreal Protocol by executing the HCFCs regulations and suspending specific applications for using HCFCs step by step, including the ban of using HCFCs on spray propellant and foam blowing, the use of HCFC-141b on solvent cleaning, the use of HCFC-22 as refrigerants for producing new air conditioners and refrigeration. For abiding by the 2020’s control measure and reducing our consumption below 0.5% of baseline, HCFCs would also not be allowed to use for solvent cleaning and only could be used for service.

    Producers of ODS in Taiwan ceased the production of CFCs in 1996 and that of HCFCs in 2006. In 2018, the imported HCFCs was less than the previous year, consisting of 61.005 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22, 2.9 ODP tonnes of HCFC-123, 0.088 ODP tonnes of HCFC-124, 0.065 ODP tonnes of HCFC-142b and 0.016 ODP tonnes of HCFC-225. Exported HCFCs consisted of 0.275 ODP tonnes of HCFC-22.

    Methyl bromide has only been allowed to be imported for QPS purposes in Taiwan since 1999. In 2018, the amount of imported methyl bromide was 29.46 ODP tonnes, it was 10.285 metric tons more than in 2017. The importation data of methyl bromide is shown in Figure 2.

    HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

    Figure 1. HCFCs consumption in Taiwan 

    HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

    Figure 2. Methyl bromide importation in Taiwan

  2. 2018 Statistics on Methyl Bromide in QPS Applications in Taiwan

    According to Articles 5 and 10 of the “Methyl Bromide Management Regulations”, when users apply to the Taiwan EPA for permission to use methyl bromide in quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) applications, they shall also report the categories of the fumigated products and amounts to be used.

    The total methyl bromide amount used for QPS applications in 2018 was 35,891 kg. Around 74% of the total methyl bromide amount or 26,597 kg were used for quarantine, which was 3,192 kg less than 2017. The other 26% (9,294 kg) were used for mainly pre-shipment purposes, which was 477 kg less than 2017. The statistics of historical methyl bromide use in QPS applications is shown in Figure 1.

    HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

    Figure 1. Statistics of historical methyl bromide use in QPS applications

    In analyzing the amount of methyl bromide used by the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) in 2018, the main application was for imported fruits and vegetables, which comprised 40.35%. The second major application was for imported timber and wooden products, which comprised 23.83%. And the third is for imported growing medium and the forth is for exported wood and products made of wood. On the other hand, the major amount used by private firms and factories were for exported wooden packing, which accounted for 46.81% of the total amount used by firms. The second was for exported personal items, which comprised 22.67%. The third was for exported timber and products made of wood. The details are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3.

    HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

    Figure 2. Distribution of methyl bromide used by BAPHIQ in 2018

    HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

    Figure 3. Distribution of methyl bromide used by private firms and factories in 2018

    The EPA called on all importers and users of methyl bromide to use methyl bromide sparingly and use other alternatives (such as heat treatment, phosphine, formalin or steam). The use of methyl bromide should be avoided as much as possible to protect the ozone layer and the environment.


  3. Taiwan EPA Finalizes HCFCs Quota Allocations for 2020

    According to the Montreal Protocol and Regulations for Management of HCFCs Consumption, the allowable annual allocation for HCFCs from 2020 to 2029 is set at 3,191 ODP kg, which is 0.5% of the national consumption baseline (638,156 ODP kg), and should only be used for equipment maintenance.

    As specified in Article 9, the government can set a reserve of 10% for military and other national emergencies. The quotas for each user and supplier was calculated according to the declared corroborating data and reviewed in light of the examining principles adopted by the committee.

    According to the declared data from the users, the number of qualified users was 18. The preliminary HCFCs quota allocations was 8,229.6277 ODP kg, which was more than 0.5% of the national consumption baseline, 3,191 ODP kg, so all declared data was multiplied by 0.05 (adjusted proportionally) to be 411.4814 ODP kg. Preliminary HCFCs quota allocations to 10 suppliers was 2,460.4186 ODP kg.

    The Taiwan EPA called a meeting on October 31, 2019 and finalized the HCFCs quota allocations. With three users willing to abandon their quota, the total HCFCs quota allocations in 2020 are 2,811.2508 ODP kg, of which 12% (350.8322 ODP kg) are allocated to the 18 users; 88% (2,460.4186 ODP kg) are allocated to the 10 suppliers.

    HCFCs consumption in Taiwan

    Table 1. Preliminary HCFCs Quota Allocations in 2020

    The allocations for 2020 have been completed. Users and suppliers should comply with the Regulations for Management of HCFC Consumption. The entrusted import should be on the basis of the allocated quantity and types, and the first half quotas should be imported before June 30, 2020. According to Article 68 of the Air Pollution Control Act, the allocated quotas should not be resold or sold. The offender shall be fined NT$100,000 to NT$2 million, and may be forced to suspend operations under serious circumstance. Moreover, a false declaration is criminally liable, and the offender shall be punished under Article 71-1 of the Commercial Accounting Act.